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Giant triplet proximity effect in superconducting pseudo spin valves with engineered anisotropy

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Wang, XL 
Di Bernardo, Angelo  ORCID logo
Banerjee, N 
Wells, A 
Bergeret, FS 


The proximity coupling of a thin superconducting layer and an inhomogeneous ferromagnet can lead to a significant reduction of the critical temperature due to the generation of spin-polarized triplet Cooper pairs. We report critical temperature measurements of Co/Cu/NiFe(Py)/Cu/Nb superconducting pseudo spin valves (PSVs) in which the magnetization of the soft layer (Py) can be independently rotated in-plane with a magnetic field to create an angle (θ) between it and the magnetization of Co. Here we observe results consistent with spin-triplet theory and demonstrate large changes in ΔTC up to −120 mK as the Py layer is rotated from 0° (Co and Py are parallel) to 90° (Co and Py are orthogonal), which offers the potential for active control of the superconducting state. The key to this achievement is engineered magnetic anisotropy in Py, which enables well-defined control over the magnetization configuration of the PSV.



51 Physical Sciences, 5104 Condensed Matter Physics

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Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics

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American Physical Society (APS)
The work was funded by the Royal Society, the Leverhulme Trust through an International Network Grant and the European Research Council (AIG "Superspin").