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Image-Enhanced Endoscopy and Molecular Biomarkers Vs Seattle Protocol to Diagnose Dysplasia in Barrett's Esophagus.

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Vithayathil, Mathew 
Modolell, Ines 
Ortiz-Fernandez-Sordo, Jacobo 
Oukrif, Dahmane 
Pappas, Apostolos 


BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus often is invisible on high-resolution white-light endoscopy (HRWLE). We compared the diagnostic accuracy for inconspicuous dysplasia of the combination of autofluorescence imaging (AFI)-guided probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) and molecular biomarkers vs HRWLE with Seattle protocol biopsies. METHODS: Barrett's esophagus patients with no dysplastic lesions were block-randomized to standard endoscopy (HRWLE with the Seattle protocol) or AFI-guided pCLE with targeted biopsies for molecular biomarkers (p53 and cyclin A by immunohistochemistry; aneuploidy by image cytometry), with crossover to the other arm after 6 to 12 weeks. The primary end point was the histologic diagnosis from all study biopsies (trial histology). A sensitivity analysis was performed for overall histology, which included diagnoses within 12 months from the first study endoscopy. Endoscopists were blinded to the referral endoscopy and histology results. The primary outcome was diagnostic accuracy for dysplasia by real-time pCLE vs HRWLE biopsies. RESULTS: Of 154 patients recruited, 134 completed both arms. In the primary outcome analysis (trial histology analysis), AFI-guided pCLE had similar sensitivity for dysplasia compared with standard endoscopy (74.3%; 95% CI, 56.7-87.5 vs 80.0%; 95% CI, 63.1-91.6; P = .48). Multivariate logistic regression showed pCLE optical dysplasia, aberrant p53, and aneuploidy had the strongest correlation with dysplasia (secondary outcome). This 3-biomarker panel had higher sensitivity for any grade of dysplasia than the Seattle protocol (81.5% vs 51.9%; P < .001) in the overall histology analysis, but not in the trial histology analysis (91.4% vs 80.0%; P = .16), with an area under the receiver operating curve of 0.83. CONCLUSIONS: Seattle protocol biopsies miss dysplasia in approximately half of patients with inconspicuous neoplasia. AFI-guided pCLE has similar accuracy to the current gold standard. The addition of molecular biomarkers could improve diagnostic accuracy.



Autofluorescence, Barrett’s Esophagus, Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy, Dysplasia, Esophageal Adenocarcinoma, Humans, Barrett Esophagus, Esophagoscopy, Tumor Suppressor Protein p53, Esophageal Neoplasms, Microscopy, Confocal, Biopsy, Hyperplasia, Biomarkers, Aneuploidy, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic

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Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol

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Elsevier BV
National Institute for Health and Care Research (IS-BRC-1215-20014)
MRC (unknown)
MRC (MR/N501876/1)
Additional funds were generously donated by the Cambridge Cancer Research Funds charity.