A Study of Innovation Networks Management in the Rail Industry: A case study of the Overseas Technical Certification Process in the Korean Rail Industry
The project of supporting standard certification acquisition is part of the activities for sustainable growth. In many countries, the market for technology certificate tests is gradually expanding in its role and size. Therefore, many countries have been working on policies and activities to support their testing and certification institutions. This study explores ways to effectively support technology certification tests by developing and applying efficient networks and communication systems and management of technical tests of SMEs in Korea. Additionally, this study also seeks ways of strengthening the competitiveness of the international certification markets by establishing and developing a system for capacity building the Korean certification industry. To do this, I studied overseas technical certification test cases of a Korean SME.
Throughout this literature review, I identify the importance of the network and the opinions of various scholars on the communication and knowledge transfer needed for the use of networks. Moreover, I explore various theories on the transfer of technical knowledge and the active use of users and the MLP framework that would enable network description. I also found that despite the importance of the technology certification industry, there is a limitation on the research of this area. Therefore, by studying the Korean Testing Laboratory test cases, a part of the insufficient research could be filled.
Each test is conducted through technical testing agencies in France and Germany to determine what level a company’s technology has reached against the European technical standards. For this purpose, the network between the related organisations is analysed based on the Multi-Level Perspective Framework. Then the activities of the Korean Testing Laboratory for communication, technical knowledge and information exchange are analysed. The establishment and use of communication and knowledge exchange systems used during the test processes are studied to carry this out.
In a technical certification test, the study finds that a collaborative network of various participants acts at the regime-level across almost all areas, such as science, technology, culture, politics, society and economic markets; this is novel and very important in practice. Furthermore, it can be confirmed that communication and knowledge exchange activities, organisational culture and capability of the organisation play a more significant role than external environmental factors. By confirming this, the study aims to shed light on the Korean Testing Laboratory’s role and its importance as the leading participant in the technology certification industry, both domestically and internationally.