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Using Polygenic Risk Scores for Prioritizing Individuals at Greatest Need of a Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment.

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Background The aim of this study was to provide quantitative evidence of the use of polygenic risk scores for systematically identifying individuals for invitation for full formal cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment. Methods and Results A total of 108 685 participants aged 40 to 69 years, with measured biomarkers, linked primary care records, and genetic data in UK Biobank were used for model derivation and population health modeling. Prioritization tools using age, polygenic risk scores for coronary artery disease and stroke, and conventional risk factors for CVD available within longitudinal primary care records were derived using sex-specific Cox models. We modeled the implications of initiating guideline-recommended statin therapy after prioritizing individuals for invitation to a formal CVD risk assessment. If primary care records were used to prioritize individuals for formal risk assessment using age- and sex-specific thresholds corresponding to 5% false-negative rates, then the numbers of men and women needed to be screened to prevent 1 CVD event are 149 and 280, respectively. In contrast, adding polygenic risk scores to both prioritization and formal assessments, and selecting thresholds to capture the same number of events, resulted in a number needed to screen of 116 for men and 180 for women. Conclusions Using both polygenic risk scores and primary care records to prioritize individuals at highest risk of a CVD event for a formal CVD risk assessment can efficiently prioritize those who need interventions the most than using primary care records alone. This could lead to better allocation of resources by reducing the number of risk assessments in primary care while still preventing the same number of CVD events.



cardiovascular disease, electronic health records, genomics, primary care records, screening, Male, Humans, Female, Cardiovascular Diseases, Risk Factors, Coronary Artery Disease, Risk Assessment, Stroke

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J Am Heart Assoc

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Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)
British Heart Foundation (RG/18/13/33946)
National Institute for Health and Care Research (IS-BRC-1215-20014)
Medical Research Council (MR/K014811/1)
British Heart Foundation (FS/18/56/34177D)
MRC (MR/L501566/1)
Department of Health (via National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)) (NIHR203337)
ESRC (ES/T013192/1)
Department of Health (via National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)) (NIHR300861)
British Heart Foundation (None)
British Heart Foundation (None)
British Heart Foundation (FS/18/56/34177)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/P020259/1)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) Societal Challenges (101016775)