Synthesis of Controllable Cu Shells on Au Nanoparticles with Electrodeposition: A Systematic in Situ Single Particle Study.

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Elabbadi, Mohsen 
Boukouvala, Christina 
Hopper, Elizabeth R 

Bimetallic Cu on Au nanoparticles with controllable morphology and optical properties were obtained via electrochemical synthesis. In particular, multilobed structures with good homogeneity were achieved through the optimization of experimental parameters such as deposition current, charge transfer, and metal ion concentration. A hyperspectral dark field scattering setup was used to characterize the electrodeposition on a single particle level, with changes in localized surface plasmon resonance frequency correlated with deposition charge transfer and amount of Cu deposited as determined by electron microscopy. This demonstrated the ability to tune morphology and spectra through electrochemical parameters alone. Time-resolved in situ measurements of single particle spectra were obtained, giving an insight into the kinetics of the deposition process. Nucleation of multiple cubes of Cu initially occurs preferentially on the tips of Au nanoparticles, before growing and coalescing to form a multilobed, lumpy shell. Modifying the surface of Au nanoparticles by plasma treatment resulted in thicker and more uniform Cu shells.

40 Engineering, 34 Chemical Sciences, 4018 Nanotechnology, 3406 Physical Chemistry, Nanotechnology, Bioengineering
Journal Title
J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces
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American Chemical Society (ACS)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/L015978/1)
European Research Council (804523)