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Correlation between pseudotyped virus and authentic virus neutralisation assays, a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature.

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Cantoni, Diego 
Wilkie, Craig 
Bentley, Emma M 
Mayora-Neto, Martin 
Wright, Edward 


BACKGROUND: The virus neutralization assay is a principal method to assess the efficacy of antibodies in blocking viral entry. Due to biosafety handling requirements of viruses classified as hazard group 3 or 4, pseudotyped viruses can be used as a safer alternative. However, it is often queried how well the results derived from pseudotyped viruses correlate with authentic virus. This systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to comprehensively evaluate the correlation between the two assays. METHODS: Using PubMed and Google Scholar, reports that incorporated neutralisation assays with both pseudotyped virus, authentic virus, and the application of a mathematical formula to assess the relationship between the results, were selected for review. Our searches identified 67 reports, of which 22 underwent a three-level meta-analysis. RESULTS: The three-level meta-analysis revealed a high level of correlation between pseudotyped viruses and authentic viruses when used in an neutralisation assay. Reports that were not included in the meta-analysis also showed a high degree of correlation, with the exception of lentiviral-based pseudotyped Ebola viruses. CONCLUSION: Pseudotyped viruses identified in this report can be used as a surrogate for authentic virus, though care must be taken in considering which pseudotype core to use when generating new uncharacterised pseudotyped viruses.


Peer reviewed: True


correlation, live virus correlates of protection, neutralisation, pseudotype, virus, Viral Pseudotyping, Ebolavirus

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Front Immunol

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Frontiers Media SA