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Different systolic blood pressure targets for people with history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack: PAST-BP (Prevention After Stroke--Blood Pressure) randomised controlled trial.

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McManus, Richard J 
Roalfe, Andrea 
Fletcher, Kate 
Taylor, Clare J 


OBJECTIVE: To assess whether using intensive blood pressure targets leads to lower blood pressure in a community population of people with prevalent cerebrovascular disease. DESIGN: Open label randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 99 general practices in England, with participants recruited in 2009-11. PARTICIPANTS: People with a history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack whose systolic blood pressure was 125 mm Hg or above. INTERVENTIONS: Intensive systolic blood pressure target (<130 mm Hg or 10 mm Hg reduction from baseline if this was <140 mm Hg) or standard target (<140 mm Hg). Apart from the different target, patients in both arms were actively managed in the same way with regular reviews by the primary care team. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Change in systolic blood pressure between baseline and 12 months. RESULTS: 529 patients (mean age 72) were enrolled, 266 to the intensive target arm and 263 to the standard target arm, of whom 379 were included in the primary analysis (182 (68%) intensive arm; 197 (75%) standard arm). 84 patients withdrew from the study during the follow-up period (52 intensive arm; 32 standard arm). Mean systolic blood pressure dropped by 16.1 mm Hg to 127.4 mm Hg in the intensive target arm and by 12.8 mm Hg to 129.4 mm Hg in the standard arm (difference between groups 2.9 (95% confidence interval 0.2 to 5.7) mm Hg; P=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Aiming for target below 130 mm Hg rather than 140 mm Hg for systolic blood pressure in people with cerebrovascular disease in primary care led to a small additional reduction in blood pressure. Active management of systolic blood pressure in this population using a <140 mm Hg target led to a clinically important reduction in blood pressure.Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN29062286.



Aged, Antihypertensive Agents, Blood Pressure, Female, General Practice, Humans, Hypertension, Ischemic Attack, Transient, Male, Middle Aged, Stroke, Systole

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National Institute for Health and Care Research (RP-PG-0606-1153)
This report is independent research funded by the National Institute for Health Research (Stroke Prevention in Primary Care, Programme Grant for Applied Research, RP-PG-0606-1153), and by an NIHR Professorship (Prof McManus). FDRH is part funded as Director of the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) School for Primary Care Research (SPCR), Theme Leader of the NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre (BRC), and Director of the NIHR Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) Oxford. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NHS. The study sponsor was the University of Birmingham. The study funder and sponsor had no role in the study design, collection, analysis or interpretation of data, in the writing of the report, or in the decision to submit to publication. The researchers are independent of the funders.