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Northstowe Phase 2, Cambridgeshire. Archaeological Post Excavation Assessment (Vol 6) Areas AA1, AA2, AA3/4, & AA6

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Excavations occurred across four different areas within the boundary of the former Oakington Airfield, Longstanton, Cambridgeshire between October 2016 and April 2019. A coherent but complex settlement landscape was revealed, orientated around a Late Iron Age to Roman period trackway. This lay together with a dispersed scattering of post-holes, pits, watering holes, wells, field systems, structures and enclosures dating from the Late Bronze Age through to medieval and post-medieval times. The main settlement horizon started in the Middle to later Iron Age until the Late Iron Age, with clusters of roundhouses. An impressive, large (1km long), complex, polyfocal Roman settlement subsequently developed, using and adapting the earlier Iron Age arrangement. The immediate post-Roman and Early Anglo-Saxon arrangements, that to a large degree respected the earlier Roman settlement, was formed of post-built structures and pitting. The medieval and post-medieval evidence was largely related to arable agricultural practices in the form of furrows, headlands, as well as several large ponds in some of the key spots where much earlier water and spring exploitation had occurred during the Roman period. The excavation also revealed an extensive drainage and electrical system related to the airfield and military role of the 'site'.



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Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge

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