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The signature of HBV-related liver disease in peripheral blood mononuclear cell DNA methylation.

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Li, Kang 
Qin, Ling 
Jiang, Sanjie 
Li, Ang 
Zhang, Chi 


BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related liver disease induces liver damage by hepatic immune and inflammatory response. The association between aberrant peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) DNA methylation and progression of liver disease and fibrosis remains unclear. RESULTS: Here we applied Infinium 450 K BeadChip investigating PBMC genome-wide methylation profiling of 48 HBV-related liver disease patients including 24 chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 14 compensated liver cirrhosis (LC), and 10 decompensated liver cirrhosis (DLC). In total, there were 7888 differentially methylated CpG sites (36.06% hypermethylation, 63.94% hypomethylation) correlate with liver disease progression. LC was difficult to be diagnosed, intermediating between CHB and DLC. We used least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO)-logistic regression method to perform a LC predictive model. The predicted probability (P) of having LC was estimated by the combined model: P = 1/(1 - e-x), where X = 11.52 - 2.82 × (if AST within the normal range - 0.19 × (percent methylation of cg05650055) - 0.21 × (percent methylation of cg17149911 ). Pyrosequencing validation and confusion matrix analysis was used for internal testing, area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of model was 0.917 (95% CI, 0.80-0.977). On the fibrosis progress, there were 1705 genes in LC compared with CHB, whose differentially methylated CpG sites loading within the "promoter" regions (including TSS1500, TSS200, 5'UTR, and the 1st exon of genes) subject into the enrichment analysis using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA). There were 113 enriched immune-related pathways indicated that HBV-related liver fibrosis progression caused epigenetic reprogramming of the immune and inflammatory response. CONCLUSIONS: These data support idea that development of HBV-related chronic liver disease is linked with robust and broad alteration of methylation in peripheral immune system. CpG methylation sites serve as relevant biomarker candidates to monitor and diagnose LC, providing new insight into the immune mechanisms understanding the progression of HBV-related liver fibrosis and cirrhosis.



DNA methylation, Fibrosis progression, HBV-related liver disease, Immune-related pathways, LC predictive model, Adult, Case-Control Studies, CpG Islands, DNA Methylation, Disease Progression, Epigenesis, Genetic, Female, Fibrosis, Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis B, Chronic, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing, Humans, Leukocytes, Mononuclear, Liver Cirrhosis, Liver Diseases, Male, Middle Aged, Promoter Regions, Genetic, ROC Curve

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Clin Epigenetics

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Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission (Z171100001017078)
China primary healthy care foundation You’An foundation of liver disease and aids scientific research project of You'an Hospital, CCMU (YNKTTS20180117)
Beijing Municipal Administration of Hospitals’ Ascent Plan (DFL20181701)
Beijing Municipal Natural Science Foundation (7191004)
Beijing Key Laboratory (BZ0373)
Key medical professional development plan of Beijing municipal administration of hospitals (ZYLX201711)