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Analysis of microbial keratitis incidence, isolates and in-vitro antimicrobial susceptibility in the East of England: a 6-year study.

Published version
Peer-reviewed

Type

Article

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Authors

Mukherjee, Achyut 
Spokes, David 
Pimenides, Dimitris 

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To report the incidence, microbiological profile and in-vitro antimicrobial susceptibilities of microbial keratitis (MK) in the East of England (EoE) over a 6-year period. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A retrospective study of patients diagnosed with MK who underwent corneal scraping at participating trusts, within the EoE, between 01/01/2015-01/07/2020. Analysis was performed on MK isolate profiles, in-vitro anti-microbial sensitivities and trends over time. RESULTS: The mean incidence of IK, in the EoE, was estimated at 6.96 per 100 000 population/year. 1071 corneal scrapes were analysed, 460 were culture positive (42.95%) of which 87.2% were bacteria (50.3% gram-positive and 49.7% gram-negative), 2.4% polymicrobial, 9.3% fungi and 1.1% acanthamoeba. The most common organisms were pseudomonas spp (29.57%). There was a non-statistically significant trend (NST) in increasing incidence of pseudomonas spp, staph aureus and serratia (p = 0.719, p = 0.615, and p = 0.099 respectively) and a declining NST in Fungi (p = 0.058). Susceptibilities in-vitro to, penicillin classes, fluoroquinolone and aminoglycosides were 76.7% and 89.4%, 79.2% and 97.2% and 95.4 and 96.1% to gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria respectively. Gram-negative organisms were increasingly resistant to cephalosporins with a 19.2% reduction in sensitivity over time. (p = 0.011). Ceftriaxone showed the greatest decrease in sensitivity of 41.67% (p = 0.006). CONCLUSION: In the EoE, MK is relatively prevalent though likely underestimated. Profiles are similar to other UK regions with the exception of a higher fungal and lower acanthamoeba incidence. Common first and second-line antimicrobial selection provides, on the whole, good coverage. Nevertheless, anti-microbial resistance, to cephalosporins, was observed so selection should be carefully considered when treating MK empirically.

Description

Keywords

Humans, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Corneal Ulcer, Retrospective Studies, Incidence, Eye Infections, Bacterial, Gram-Negative Bacteria, Microbial Sensitivity Tests, Gram-Positive Bacteria, Keratitis, England, Anti-Infective Agents, Cephalosporins

Journal Title

Eye (Lond)

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

0950-222X
1476-5454

Volume Title

Publisher

Springer Science and Business Media LLC