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Phase 4 Multinational Multicenter Retrospective and Prospective Real-World Study of Nivolumab in Recurrent and Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck.

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Bennett, Bryan 
Stewart, Grant 
Medina Colmenero, Ana  ORCID logo


This study examined the real-world use of nivolumab in patients with recurrent/metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (R/M SCCHN). This was a multinational retrospective study (VOLUME) assessing treatment effectiveness and safety outcomes and a prospective study (VOLUME-PRO) assessing HRQoL and patient-reported symptoms. There were 447 and 51 patients in VOLUME and VOLUME-PRO, respectively. Across both studies, the median age was 64.0 years, 80.9% were male, and 52.6% were former smokers. Clinical outcomes of interest included real-world overall survival (rwOS) and real-world progression-free survival (rwPFS). The median rwOS was 9.2 months. Among patients with at least one assessment, 21.7% reported their best response as 'partial response', with 3.9% reporting 'complete response'. The median duration of response (DoR) and median rwPFS were 11.0 months and 3.9 months, respectively. At baseline, VOLUME-PRO patients reported difficulties relating to fatigue, physical and sexual functioning, dyspnea, nausea, sticky saliva, dry mouth, pain/discomfort, mobility, and financial difficulties. There were improvements in social functioning and financial difficulties throughout the study; however, no other clinically meaningful changes were noted. No new safety concerns were identified. This real-world, multinational, multicenter, retrospective and prospective study supports the effectiveness and safety of nivolumab for R/M SCCHN patients.



HNSCC, SCCHN, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, nivolumab, patient-reported outcomes, prospective study, real-world data, recurrent/metastatic head and neck cancer, retrospective study

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Cancers (Basel)

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