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Ustekinumab and Vedolizumab Are Equally Safe and Effective in Elderly Crohn's Disease Patients.

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Gebeyehu, Gerum Gashaw 
Fiske, Joseph 
Liu, Eleanor 
Limdi, Jimmy K 
Broglio, Giacomo 


BACKGROUND: Anti-tumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents are associated with increased infection risk among elderly inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients, and thus, alternative biologics may be preferable. However, little comparative data exist on the safety and efficacy of vedolizumab and ustekinumab in elderly IBD patients. AIMS: To compare the safety and effectiveness of ustekinumab and vedolizumab in elderly Crohn's disease patients. METHODS: Patients ≥ 60 years old who commenced ustekinumab or vedolizumab for Crohn's disease (CD) were included. Primary outcome was serious infections, defined as requiring hospitalisation. Efficacy was assessed by treatment persistence and clinical response rates. We appropriately adjusted for confounders using propensity score-matched analysis weighted by the inverse predicted probability of treatment weighing and performed a logistic regression analysis to assess factors associated with serious infections and treatment persistence. RESULTS: Eighty-three patients commencing ustekinumab and 42 commencing vedolizumab therapy were included. In a propensity adjusted cohort, the rate of serious infection and treatment persistence were comparable between ustekinumab and vedolizumab. There was a significant reduction in HBI at 6 and 12 months compared to baseline in both groups. Male gender was positively associated with serious infection risk at 12 months, and penetrating disease behaviour was positively associated with 12-month treatment persistence. Baseline HBI score was negatively associated with 12-month treatment persistence. Cox regression analysis showed no overall difference in treatment discontinuation-free and serious infection-free survival by 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: We observed comparable safety and effectiveness for ustekinumab and vedolizumab in treating elderly CD patients.



Crohn’s disease, Effectiveness, Elderly, Safety, Ustekinumab, Vedolizumab, Humans, Male, Aged, Middle Aged, Ustekinumab, Crohn Disease, Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Treatment Outcome, Retrospective Studies

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Dig Dis Sci

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Springer Science and Business Media LLC