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Global modes of viscous heated jets with real gas effects

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Qadri, Ubaid 
Demange, Simon 
Pinna, Fabio 


This study investigates the stability features of spatially spreading heated jets in the viscous regime with real gas effects, using both unsteady 2D-axisymmetric simulations and linear analyses of the steady state and time-averaged states. At a Reynolds number of 400, the heated jets are found to undergo a subcritical Hopf bifurcation, marking the start of self-sustained oscillations when decreasing the temperature ratio S = T_inf/T_c, which highly depends on the thermodynamic and transport property assumptions imposed in the simulations. Once the flow enters a limit cycle past the Hopf bifurcation, the linear analyses over the steady base state are unable to capture the oscillation''s frequency. Nevertheless, this study confirms that including real gas effects in the stability equations has a strong effect on the growth rate of the global mode once the centreline temperature of the jet reaches that of the dissociation reaction onset, which is T = 2800 K for air at p_s = 100 mbar. The linear global analyses over the time-averaged states leads to a satisfying prediction of the oscillation''s frequency for the cases studied, and the baroclinic torque obtained from the resulting global mode matches well with that of the simulations.



jets, bifurcation, Absolute/convection instability

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Journal of Fluid Mechanics

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Cambridge University Press
Belgian National Fund for Scientific Research under the FRIA Grant warrant (FNRS, dossier FC27631)