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Validation and cultural adaptation of the Integrated Palliative care Outcome Scale (IPOS) for the Portuguese population.

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Ferreira, Pedro Lopes 


BACKGROUND: To culturally adapt and validate the Integrated Palliative care Outcome Scale to European Portuguese. METHODS: Multi-centred observational study with 2 assessment points. Data were collected in nine centres using consecutive sampling. All patients were screened for eligibility. INCLUSION CRITERIA: ≥18 years, mentally fit to give consent, diagnosed with an incurable, potentially life-threatening illness, read, write and understand Portuguese. Translation and back translation with independent native speakers blind to the original measure created a Portuguese version, which was culturally adapted using cognitive interviews. For psychometric testing, the COSMIN checklist was followed. Reliability and content validity were assessed for patient and staff versions. Construct and criterion validity were tested for patient version. RESULTS: 1703 individuals were screened between July 1st 2015 and February 2016, 135 (7.9%) were included. Mean age was 66.8 years (SD 12.7), 58 (43%) were female. Most patients (109; 80.7%) had a cancer diagnosis. Cronbach's alpha showed good internal consistency, 0.657 for patient, 0.705 for staff versions. Intraclass correlation coefficient testing reproducibility revealed very good reliability, 0.794-0.950 for patient and 0.456-0.925 for staff versions. There was good content validity and significant results for construct validity. Physical symptoms were better detected by females. IPOS could discriminate: practical issues in different places of care, based on cancer diagnosis, physical and emotional symptoms based on life expectancy both for patient and professional dimensions, physical and emotional symptoms based on phase of illness, for professional dimensions, and physical symptoms from the patients' viewpoint. CONCLUSIONS: The Portuguese IPOS is a reliable and valid measure.



Outcome measurement, Palliative care, Palliative care outcome scale, Patient-centred outcome measures, Validation, Aged, Culturally Competent Care, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Outcome Assessment, Health Care, Palliative Care, Portugal, Psychometrics, Reproducibility of Results, Surveys and Questionnaires, Translating

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BMC Palliat Care

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Springer Science and Business Media LLC
This study was funded by Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation – Programa Gulbenkian Inovar em Saúde. Bárbara Antunes was funded by Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) - Grant number PD/BD/113664/2015, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto. The Doctoral Program Clinical and Health Services Research was funded by FCT - Grant number PD/0003/2013. Currently Bárbara Antunes is funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Applied Research Collaboration East of England (ARC EoE) programme. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR or the Department of Health and Social Care. The funding organizations had no role in the design of the study, collection, analysis, interpretation of the data, or writing of the manuscript