Fast synthesis of large-area bilayer graphene film on Cu.
Bilayer graphene (BLG) is intriguing for its unique properties and potential applications in electronics, photonics, and mechanics. However, the chemical vapor deposition synthesis of large-area high-quality bilayer graphene on Cu is suffering from a low growth rate and limited bilayer coverage. Herein, we demonstrate the fast synthesis of meter-sized bilayer graphene film on commercial polycrystalline Cu foils by introducing trace CO2 during high-temperature growth. Continuous bilayer graphene with a high ratio of AB-stacking structure can be obtained within 20 min, which exhibits enhanced mechanical strength, uniform transmittance, and low sheet resistance in large area. Moreover, 96 and 100% AB-stacking structures were achieved in bilayer graphene grown on single-crystal Cu(111) foil and ultraflat single-crystal Cu(111)/sapphire substrates, respectively. The AB-stacking bilayer graphene exhibits tunable bandgap and performs well in photodetection. This work provides important insights into the growth mechanism and the mass production of large-area high-quality BLG on Cu.
Acknowledgements: This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. T2188101 (Z.L.), 52072042 (J.Z.), 21525310 (H.P.), 11904389 (Z.L.), 21927804 (F.W.), and 22004121 (F.W.)), the National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2018YFA0703502 (Z.L.)), and Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS-CXTD-202001 (Z.L.)). The authors acknowledge Molecular Materials and Nanofabrication Laboratory (MMNL) in the College of Chemistry and Peking Nanofab at Peking University for the use of instruments.