Repository logo
 

An unbiased proteomic approach to identifying cell surface markers in neutrophils


Loading...
Thumbnail Image

Type

Thesis

Change log

Authors

Subburayalu, Julien  ORCID logo  https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9243-0558

Abstract

Introduction: Efferocytosis refers to the engulfment of dead cells by phagocytes such as neutrophils and macrophages and culminates in the beneficial removal of inflammatory cargo and auto-reactive material. While many of the mechanisms involved in efferocytosis have been described, the critically important ‘apoptotic-cell-associated molecular patterns’ have yet to be identified. Methods: Human whole blood samples were obtained from healthy volunteers. Neutrophils were isolated and subjected to a temperature shift to facilitate a wave of synchronised apoptosis. The plasma membrane proteome was assessed using tandem-mass-tag liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (TMT-LC/MS) of apoptotic and time- and donor- matched non-apoptotic neutrophils, which allowed the identification of the plasma membrane proteins expressed or downregulated during apoptosis. In parallel, a method was developed to quantify efferocytosis. Briefly, apoptotic neutrophils or genome-modified neutrophil-like cells overexpressing the proteins identified to be up- regulated on apoptotic neutrophils, were fed to the monocytic cell line THP-1, which had been previously primed with phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) to acquire the functional properties of human macrophages. Efferocytosis was assessed by confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. Results: The late-stage apoptotic neutrophil plasma membrane profile identified several protein targets to be either up- or downregulated. The expression kinetics over time of ‘targets’ were then validated using flow cytometry. TIMD-4, a never previously described protein in (human) neutrophils, is actively up- regulated in preparation for apoptosis, and links to the phagocyte’s recognition and removal abilities of apoptotic cells, suggesting that TIMD-4 is a novel ‘eat me’ signal produced by apoptotic neutrophils. Conclusions: TMT-LC/MS can be successfully used to determine functionally relevant changes in the neutrophil plasma membrane, and has provided novel insights into the processes underlying efferocytosis of human neutrophils.

Description

Date

2022-07-03

Advisors

Summers, Charlotte

Keywords

Apoptosis, Eat-me signal, Efferocytosis, HL-60, Macrophage, Neutrophil, Plasma membrane profiling, Resolution of Inflammation, THP-1, TIMD-4

Qualification

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Awarding Institution

University of Cambridge
Sponsorship
AstraZeneca/MedImmune (RCAG/891) NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre German Academic Scholarship Foundation (Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes)