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A Long Time Ago in a Galaxy Far, Far Away: A Candidate z ~ 12 Galaxy in Early JWST CEERS Imaging

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Peer-reviewed

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Abstract

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title> jats:pWe report the discovery of a candidate galaxy with a photo-jats:italicz</jats:italic> of jats:italicz</jats:italic> ∼ 12 in the first epoch of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) Cosmic Evolution Early Release Science Survey. Following conservative selection criteria, we identify a source with a robust jats:italicz</jats:italic> jats:subphot</jats:sub> = jats:inline-formula jats:tex-math

</jats:tex-math> <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" overflow="scroll"> mml:msubsup mml:mrow mml:mn11.8</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> mml:mrow mml:mo−</mml:mo> mml:mn0.2</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> mml:mrow mml:mo+</mml:mo> mml:mn0.3</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> </mml:msubsup> </mml:math> <jats:inline-graphic xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="apjlac966eieqn1.gif" xlink:type="simple" /> </jats:inline-formula> (1jats:italicσ</jats:italic> uncertainty) with jats:italicm</jats:italic> jats:subF200W</jats:sub> = 27.3 and ≳7jats:italicσ</jats:italic> detections in five filters. The source is not detected at jats:italicλ</jats:italic> < 1.4 jats:italicμ</jats:italic>m in deep imaging from both Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and JWST and has faint ∼3jats:italicσ</jats:italic> detections in JWST F150W and HST F160W, which signal a Lyjats:italicα</jats:italic> break near the red edge of both filters, implying jats:italicz</jats:italic> ∼ 12. This object (Maisie’s Galaxy) exhibits F115W − F200W > 1.9 mag (2jats:italicσ</jats:italic> lower limit) with a blue continuum slope, resulting in 99.6% of the photo-jats:italicz</jats:italic> probability distribution function favoring jats:italicz</jats:italic> > 11. All data-quality images show no artifacts at the candidate’s position, and independent analyses consistently find a strong preference for jats:italicz</jats:italic> > 11. Its colors are inconsistent with Galactic stars, and it is resolved (jats:italicr</jats:italic> jats:sub jats:italich</jats:italic> </jats:sub> = 340 ± 14 pc). Maisie’s Galaxy has log jats:italicM</jats:italic> jats:sub*</jats:sub>/jats:italicM</jats:italic> jats:sub⊙</jats:sub> ∼ 8.5 and is highly star-forming (log sSFR ∼ −8.2 yrjats:sup−1</jats:sup>), with a blue rest-UV color (jats:italicβ</jats:italic> ∼ −2.5) indicating little dust, though not extremely low metallicity. While the presence of this source is in tension with most predictions, it agrees with empirical extrapolations assuming UV luminosity functions that smoothly decline with increasing redshift. Should follow-up spectroscopy validate this redshift, our universe was already aglow with galaxies less than 400 Myr after the Big Bang.</jats:p>

Description

Keywords

5109 Space Sciences, 51 Physical Sciences, 5101 Astronomical Sciences

Journal Title

Astrophysical Journal Letters

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

2041-8205
2041-8213

Volume Title

940

Publisher

American Astronomical Society
Sponsorship
NASA/Space Telescope Science Institute (JWST-ERS-1345)