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Determination of Rare Earth Element Isotopic Compositions Using Sample-Standard Bracketing and Double-Spike Approaches

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Tissot, Francois LH  ORCID logo
Yokochi, Reika 
Ireland, Thomas J 
Dauphas, Nicolas 


Rare earth elements (REEs) have found numerous uses to trace geological and cosmochemical processes through analyses of elemental patterns, radioactive decay, nucleosynthetic anomalies, and cosmogenic effects. Stable isotopic fractionation is one aspect of REE geochemistry that has been seldom studied, with most publications focusing on the development of analytical methodologies for individual REEs, and most applications concerning terrestrial igneous rocks. In this study, we present a method to systematically analyze stable isotopic fractionations of 8 REEs, including Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Er, and Yb, using sample standard bracketing (SSB) and double-spike (DS) approaches. All REEs are separated and purified using a Fluoropolymer Pneumatic Liquid Chromatography (FPLC) system. We introduce procedures for identifying and correcting some isobaric interferences in the double-spike data reduction. Several geostandards, including igneous rocks and sediments, are analyzed using SSB and DS. The results indicate that REE isotopic fractionation in igneous processes is limited except for Eu. Other REEs can still be isotopically fractionated by low-temperature processes and kinetic effects at high temperature.



37 Earth Sciences, 3703 Geochemistry, 3705 Geology

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ACS Earth and Space Chemistry

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American Chemical Society (ACS)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) ERC (101020665)
NERC (NE/V000411/1)