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dc.contributor.authorAird, Jamesen
dc.contributor.authorCoil, ALen
dc.contributor.authorGeorgakakis, Aen
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-23T13:45:23Z
dc.date.available2018-01-23T13:45:23Z
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/270990
dc.description.abstractWe use deep Chandra X-ray imaging to measure the distribution of specific black hole accretion rates ($L_X$ relative to the stellar mass of the galaxy) and thus trace AGN activity within star-forming and quiescent galaxies, as a function of stellar mass (from $10^{8.5}-10^{11.5} M_\odot$) and redshift (to $z \sim 4$). We adopt near-infrared selected samples of galaxies from the CANDELS and UltraVISTA surveys, extract X-ray data for every galaxy, and use a flexible Bayesian method to combine these data and to measure the probability distribution function of specific black hole accretion rates, $\lambda_{sBHAR}$. We identify a broad distribution of $\lambda_{sBHAR}$ in both star-forming and quiescent galaxies---likely reflecting the stochastic nature of AGN fuelling---with a roughly power-law shape that rises toward lower $\lambda_{sBHAR}$, a steep cutoff at $\lambda_{sBHAR} \gtrsim 0.1-1$ (in Eddington equivalent units), and a turnover or flattening at $\lambda_{sBHAR} \lesssim 10^{-3}-10^{-2}$. We find that the probability of a star-forming galaxy hosting a moderate $\lambda_{sBHAR}$ AGN depends on stellar mass and evolves with redshift, shifting toward higher $\lambda_{sBHAR}$ at higher redshifts. This evolution is truncated at a point corresponding to the Eddington limit, indicating black holes may self-regulate their growth at high redshifts when copious gas is available. The probability of a quiescent galaxy hosting an AGN is generally lower than that of a star-forming galaxy, shows signs of suppression at the highest stellar masses, and evolves strongly with redshift. The AGN duty cycle in high-redshift ($z\gtrsim2$) quiescent galaxies thus reaches $\sim$20 per cent, comparable to the duty cycle in star-forming galaxies of equivalent stellar mass and redshift.
dc.publisherOUP
dc.titleX-rays across the galaxy population - II. The distribution of AGN accretion rates as a function of stellar mass and redshiften
dc.typeArticle
prism.publicationNameMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Societyen
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.17945
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-10-12en
rioxxterms.versionAM*
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-10-12en
dc.contributor.orcidAird, James [0000-0003-1908-8463]
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
pubs.funder-project-idEuropean Research Council (340442)
datacite.issupplementedby.doi10.5281/zenodo.1009604en
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2018-10-23


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