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dc.contributor.authorGalante, Julieta
dc.contributor.authorGalante, Ignacio
dc.contributor.authorBekkers, Marie-Jet
dc.contributor.authorGallacher, John
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-06T10:58:08Z
dc.date.available2018-06-06T10:58:08Z
dc.date.issued2014-12
dc.identifier.issn0022-006X
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/276660
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: Kindness-based meditation (KBM) is a rubric covering meditation techniques developed to elicit kindness in a conscious way. Some techniques, for example, loving-kindness meditation and compassion meditation, have been included in programs aimed at improving health and well-being. Our aim was to systematically review and meta-analyze the evidence available from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effects of KBM on health and well-being against passive and active control groups in patients and the general population. METHOD: Searches were completed in March 2013. Two reviewers applied predetermined eligibility criteria (RCTs, peer-reviewed publications, theses or conference proceedings, adult participants, KBM interventions) and extracted the data. Meta-analyses used random-effects models. RESULTS: Twenty-two studies were included. KBM was moderately effective in decreasing self-reported depression (standard mean difference [Hedges's g] = -0.61, 95% confidence interval [CI] [-1.08, -0.14]) and increasing mindfulness (Hedges's g = 0.63, 95% CI [0.22, 1.05]), compassion (Hedges's g = 0.61, 95% CI [0.24, 0.99]) and self-compassion (Hedges's g = 0.45, 95% CI [0.15, 0.75]) against passive controls. Positive emotions were increased (Hedges's g = 0.42, 95% CI [0.10, 0.75]) against progressive relaxation. Exposure to KBM may initially be challenging for some people. RESULTS were inconclusive for some outcomes, in particular against active controls. The methodological quality of the reports was low to moderate. RESULTS suffered from imprecision due to wide CIs deriving from small studies. CONCLUSIONS: KBM showed evidence of benefits for the health of individuals and communities through its effects on well-being and social interaction. Further research including well-conducted large RCTs is warranted.
dc.format.mediumPrint-Electronic
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Association (APA)
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectMeditation
dc.subjectDepression
dc.subjectEmpathy
dc.subjectHealth Status
dc.subjectQuality of Life
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectRandomized Controlled Trials as Topic
dc.subjectMindfulness
dc.titleEffect of kindness-based meditation on health and well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage1114
prism.issueIdentifier6
prism.publicationDate2014
prism.publicationNameJ Consult Clin Psychol
prism.startingPage1101
prism.volume82
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.23958
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1037/a0037249
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2014-12
dc.contributor.orcidGalante, Julieta [0000-0002-4108-5341]
dc.identifier.eissn1939-2117
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
cam.issuedOnline2014-06-30
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2015-12-01


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