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dc.contributor.authorBrazelton, Mary
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-16T14:07:31Z
dc.date.available2018-08-16T14:07:31Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn0040-165X
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/278876
dc.description.abstractDuring the Second Sino-Japanese War, the technological project of mass immunization united state health administrations and international aid organizations seeking to prevent epidemics in unoccupied China's wartime hinterland. This article examines a joint wartime effort between the Chinese government's National Epidemic Prevention Bureau and the League of Nations Health Organization to manufacture and distribute vaccines against smallpox, cholera, and other diseases in northwest China. The hardships of war presented challenges to the development of large-scale immunization, but also led to the establishment of international aid programs that helped Chinese microbiologists acquire standard cultures, animals, and equipment. Vaccination provided a means for the beleaguered Nationalist government to quell epidemics and resist the Japanese; subsequent state involvement in the process of managing transport of vaccines, organizing and training vaccinators, and mandating the shots suggests the significance of mass immunization, as well as its reliance on technological systems in which vaccines embodied emerging biomedical standards that the state sought to institutionalize.
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Science Foundation, United States
dc.format.mediumPrint
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherProject Muse
dc.subjectVaccination
dc.subjectMicrobiology
dc.subjectHealth Policy
dc.subjectTechnology
dc.subjectHistory, 20th Century
dc.subjectWorld War II
dc.subjectDelivery of Health Care
dc.subjectChina
dc.titleEngineering Health: Technologies of Immunization in China's Wartime Hinterland, 1937-45.
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage437
prism.issueIdentifier2
prism.publicationDate2019
prism.publicationNameTechnol Cult
prism.startingPage409
prism.volume60
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.26255
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-12-20
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1353/tech.2019.0030
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2019-01
dc.contributor.orcidBrazelton, Mary [0000-0001-5941-9576]
dc.identifier.eissn1097-3729
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
cam.issuedOnline2019-06-14
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2019-08-16


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