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dc.contributor.authorStanley, Donald E
dc.contributor.authorNyrup, Rune
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-10T22:15:55Z
dc.date.available2018-09-10T22:15:55Z
dc.date.issued2020-03-19
dc.identifier.issn0360-5310
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/280033
dc.description.abstractWe distinguish three aspects of medical diagnosis: generating new diagnostic hypotheses, selecting hypotheses for further pursuit, and evaluating their probability in light of the available evidence. Drawing on Peirce's account of abduction, we argue that hypothesis generation is amenable to normative analysis: physicians need to make good decisions about when and how to generate new diagnostic hypothesis as well as when to stop. The intertwining relationship between the generation and selection of diagnostic hypotheses is illustrated through the analysis of a detailed clinical case study. This interaction is not adequately captured by the existing probabilistic, decision-theoretic models of the threshold approach to clinical decision-making. Instead, we propose to conceptualize medical diagnosis in terms of strategic reasoning.
dc.format.mediumPrint
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherOxford University Press (OUP)
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectProbability
dc.subjectProblem Solving
dc.subjectDecision Support Techniques
dc.subjectEthical Theory
dc.subjectPhilosophy, Medical
dc.subjectClinical Decision-Making
dc.titleStrategies in Abduction: Generating and Selecting Diagnostic Hypotheses.
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage178
prism.issueIdentifier2
prism.publicationDate2020
prism.publicationNameJ Med Philos
prism.startingPage159
prism.volume45
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.27397
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-06-16
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1093/jmp/jhz041
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2020-03
dc.contributor.orcidNyrup, Rune [0000-0002-9880-6912]
dc.identifier.eissn1744-5019
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
cam.issuedOnline2020-01-07
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2019-09-09


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