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dc.contributor.authorZmigrod, Leoren
dc.contributor.authorRentfrow, Peteren
dc.contributor.authorZmigrod, Sharonen
dc.contributor.authorRobbins, Trevoren
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-27T14:09:58Z
dc.date.available2018-09-27T14:09:58Z
dc.date.issued2019-11en
dc.identifier.issn0340-0727
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/282791
dc.description.abstractCognitive flexibility is operationalized in the neuropsychological literature as the ability to shift between modes of thinking and adapt to novel or changing environments. Religious belief systems consist of strict rules and rituals that offer adherents certainty, consistency, and stability. Consequently, we hypothesized that religious adherence and practice of repetitive religious rituals may be related to the persistence versus flexibility of one’s cognition. The present study investigated the extent to which tendencies towards cognitive flexibility versus persistence are related to three facets of religious life: religious affiliation, religious practice, and religious upbringing. In a large sample (N=744), we found that religious disbelief was related to cognitive flexibility across three independent behavioural measures: the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Remote Associates Test, and Alternative Uses Test. Furthermore, lower frequency of religious service attendance was related to cognitive flexibility. When analysing participants’ religious upbringing in relation to their current religious affiliation, it was manifest that current affiliation was more influential than religious upbringing in all the measured facets of cognitive flexibility. The findings indicate that religious affiliation and engagement may shape and be shaped by cognitive control styles towards flexibility versus persistence, highlighting the tight links between flexibility of thought and religious ideologies.
dc.format.mediumPrint-Electronicen
dc.languageengen
dc.publisherSpringer Nature
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectHumansen
dc.subjectCognitionen
dc.subjectThinkingen
dc.subjectAttentionen
dc.subjectReligionen
dc.subjectAdulten
dc.subjectFemaleen
dc.subjectMaleen
dc.subjectYoung Adulten
dc.subjectWisconsin Card Sorting Testen
dc.subjectRecognition, Psychologyen
dc.titleCognitive flexibility and religious disbelief.en
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage1759
prism.issueIdentifier8en
prism.publicationDate2019en
prism.publicationNamePsychological researchen
prism.startingPage1749
prism.volume83en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.30155
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-05-30en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1007/s00426-018-1034-3en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2019-11en
dc.contributor.orcidZmigrod, Leor [0000-0001-8270-7955]
dc.contributor.orcidRentfrow, Peter [0000-0002-9068-2118]
dc.contributor.orcidRobbins, Trevor [0000-0003-0642-5977]
dc.identifier.eissn1430-2772
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International