Generalized Sampling and Infinite-Dimensional Compressed Sensing
© 2015, SFoCM. We introduce and analyze a framework and corresponding method for compressed sensing in infinite dimensions. This extends the existing theory from finite-dimensional vector spaces to the case of separable Hilbert spaces. We explain why such a new theory is necessary by demonstrating that existing finite-dimensional techniques are ill suited for solving a number of key problems. This work stems from recent developments in generalized sampling theorems for classical (Nyquist rate) sampling that allows for reconstructions in arbitrary bases. A conclusion of this paper is that one can extend these ideas to allow for significant subsampling of sparse or compressible signals. Central to this work is the introduction of two novel concepts in sampling theory, the stable sampling rate and the balancing property, which specify how to appropriately discretize an infinite-dimensional problem.
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