Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorCharnock, Emilyen
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-31T06:50:45Z
dc.date.available2018-10-31T06:50:45Z
dc.date.issued2018-04-01en
dc.identifier.issn0898-588X
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/284419
dc.description.abstract© Cambridge University Press 2018. This article examines the origins and influence of ideological index scores - where liberal and conservative interest groups rate legislator performance on selected roll call votes. Two such groups founded in the mid-twentieth century - the Americans for Democratic Action (ADA) and the Americans for Constitutional Action (ACA) - were crucial to the development of this type of metric, transforming roll call analysis from detailed tabular scorecards into streamlined percentage scores showing how often a lawmaker voted right. ADA and ACA scores have been heavily utilized in political science as proxies for liberalism and conservatism and used to demonstrate the growing polarization of the congressional parties. Archival evidence suggests, however, that those scores were intended to create the very phenomenon they have been used to measure. They were deeply political rather than objective metrics, which the ADA and ACA used to guide their electoral activities in accordance with an increasingly partisan strategic plan. Each group directed campaign resources toward incumbent lawmakers they rated highly, but they did so unevenly - with the ADA favoring liberal Democrats over Republicans and the ACA showing a preference for conservative Republicans over time. By rewarding favored lawmakers in their preferred party, and using scores to highlight and discourage ideological outliers, they hoped to reshape the parties along more distinct and divided ideological lines - to create more responsible parties, as prominent political scientists then desired.
dc.description.sponsorshipKeasbey Research Fellowship, Selwyn College, University of Cambridge Friends of the University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries Research Grant
dc.titleMore than a score: Interest group ratings and polarized politicsen
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage78
prism.issueIdentifier1en
prism.publicationDate2018en
prism.publicationNameStudies in American Political Developmenten
prism.startingPage49
prism.volume32en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.31791
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-12-20en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1017/S0898588X18000056en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-04-01en
dc.identifier.eissn1469-8692
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2019-04-01


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record