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dc.contributor.authorBoyle, Alexandriaen
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-07T23:30:18Z
dc.date.available2019-06-07T23:30:18Z
dc.date.issued2020-08-01en
dc.identifier.issn0031-8116
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/293483
dc.description.abstractIn dicephalus conjoined twinning, it appears that two heads share a body; in cephalopagus, it appears that two bodies share a head. How many human animals are present in these cases? One answer is that there are two in both cases – conjoined twins are precisely that, conjoined twins. Another is that the number of humans corresponds to the number of bodies – so there is one in dicephalus and two in cephalopagus. I show that both of these answers are incorrect. Prominent accounts of biological individuation, which treat the organism as an integrated whole, reveal that in these and other cases of conjoined twinning the ‘twins’ share a single human animal. This has a number of consequences for the debate about what we are. First, if animalism is true, individuals of our kind can be – and are – profoundly psychologically divided. Second, cephalopagus twinning does not divide animalism from its rivals, as has been claimed. Finally, animalists can reply to a vicious species of the ‘too many thinkers’ problem to which they are allegedly uniquely vulnerable.
dc.description.sponsorshipTrinity Hall, Cambridge
dc.publisherKluwer Academic Publishers
dc.rightsAll rights reserved
dc.titleConjoined twinning & biological individuationen
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage2415
prism.issueIdentifier8en
prism.publicationDate2020en
prism.publicationNamePhilosophical Studiesen
prism.startingPage2395
prism.volume177en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.40627
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-06-05en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1007/s11098-019-01316-xen
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2020-08-01en
dc.contributor.orcidBoyle, Alexandria [0000-0001-8827-5479]
dc.identifier.eissn1573-0883
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
cam.orpheus.successThu Jan 30 10:43:50 GMT 2020 - Embargo updated*
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2020-01-01


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