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dc.contributor.authorMcCoy, Mark Den
dc.contributor.authorAlderson, Helenen
dc.contributor.authorHemi, Richarden
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Haien
dc.contributor.authorEdwards, R Lawrenceen
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-03T10:09:36Z
dc.date.available2020-02-03T10:09:36Z
dc.date.issued2016-11en
dc.identifier.issn0033-5894
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/301634
dc.description.abstractArchaeologists commonly use the onset of the construction of large burial monuments as a materialindicator of a fundamental shift in authority in prehistoric human societies during the Holocene. High-quality direct evidence of this transition is rare. We report new interdisciplinary research at thearchaeological site of Nan Madol that allows us to specify where and when people began to constructmonumental architecture in the remote islands of the Pacific. Nan Madol is an ancient administrative andmortuary center and the former capital of the island of Pohnpei. It was constructed over 83 ha of lagoonwith artificial islets and other architecture built using columnar basalt and coral. We employedgeochemical sourcing of basalt used as architectural stone and high-precision uranium-thorium seriesdates (230Th/U) on coral from the tomb of thefirst chief of the entire island to identify the beginning ofmonument building at Nan Madol in AD 1180e1200. Over the next several centuries (AD 1300e1600)monument building began on other islands across Oceania. Future research should be aimed at resolvingthe causes of these social transformations through higher quality data on monument building.
dc.rightsAll rights reserved
dc.rights.uri
dc.subjectGeoarchaeologyen
dc.subjectGeochemistryen
dc.subjectPortable X-ray fluorescence (pXRF)en
dc.subjectUranium series dating (Th-230/U)en
dc.subjectAncient monumental architectureen
dc.subjectOceaniaen
dc.titleEarliest direct evidence of monument building at the archaeological site of Nan Madol (Pohnpei, Micronesia) identified using Th-230/U coral dating and geochemical sourcing of megalithic architectural stoneen
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage303
prism.issueIdentifier3en
prism.publicationDate2016en
prism.publicationNameQUATERNARY RESEARCHen
prism.startingPage295
prism.volume86en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.48704
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.yqres.2016.08.002en
rioxxterms.versionAM*
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2016-11en
dc.identifier.eissn1096-0287
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
cam.issuedOnline2016-10-05en
cam.orpheus.success2020-02-04 Completed, see ZD-475219
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2100-01-01


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