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dc.contributor.authorPain, Deborah J
dc.contributor.authorGreen, Rhys
dc.contributor.authorTaggart, Mark A
dc.contributor.authorKanstrup, Niels
dc.date.accessioned2022-04-13T23:30:31Z
dc.date.available2022-04-13T23:30:31Z
dc.date.issued2022-05-10
dc.identifier.issn0044-7447
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/336082
dc.description.abstractSmall game animals are generally hunted with lead gunshot which often fragments causing elevated lead concentrations in meat and presenting health risks to frequent consumers and vulnerable groups. We reviewed three decades of European data on lead concentrations in the meat of gamebirds, rabbits and hares across countries with various restrictions on lead gunshot use. Mean meat lead concentrations decreased to a low level in Denmark, the only country in the study with a total ban on lead gunshot use. In contrast, elsewhere in Europe meat lead concentrations increased over time, an unexplained and previously undescribed finding. The only regulatory restriction associated with a decrease in meat lead concentrations was the Danish total ban on lead gunshot use. We calculated an arithmetic mean lead concentration in small game meat of 5.205 ppm w.w. (2011-2021) from across Europe. EU and UK regulators are considering banning lead ammunition for all hunting to protect human and wildlife health. The mean value we found for small game meat (2011-2021) was fourteen times higher than that used in a recent EU-wide risk assessment.
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.rightsAll Rights Reserved
dc.rights.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
dc.titleHow contaminated with ammunition-derived lead is meat from European small game animals? Assessing and reducing risks to human health.
dc.typeArticle
dc.publisher.departmentDepartment of Zoology
dc.date.updated2022-04-13T09:01:31Z
prism.publicationNameAmbio
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.83511
dcterms.dateAccepted2022-04-09
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1007/s13280-022-01737-9
rioxxterms.versionAM
dc.contributor.orcidPain, Deborah J [0000-0001-8142-9017]
dc.contributor.orcidGreen, Rhys [0000-0001-8690-8914]
dc.identifier.eissn1654-7209
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
cam.issuedOnline2022-05-10
cam.orpheus.successWed May 25 11:13:38 BST 2022 - Embargo updated
cam.orpheus.counter1
cam.depositDate2022-04-13
pubs.licence-identifierapollo-deposit-licence-2-1
pubs.licence-display-nameApollo Repository Deposit Licence Agreement
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2023-05-10


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