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dc.contributor.authorChu, Charlene H
dc.contributor.authorLeslie, Kathleen
dc.contributor.authorShi, Jiamin
dc.contributor.authorNyrup, Rune
dc.contributor.authorBianchi, Andria
dc.contributor.authorKhan, Shehroz S
dc.contributor.authorRahimi, Samira Abbasgholizadeh
dc.contributor.authorLyn, Alexandra
dc.contributor.authorGrenier, Amanda
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a major driver of technological development in the 21st century, yet little attention has been paid to algorithmic biases toward older adults. OBJECTIVE: This paper documents the search strategy and process for a scoping review exploring how age-related bias is encoded or amplified in AI systems as well as the corresponding legal and ethical implications. METHODS: The scoping review follows a 6-stage methodology framework developed by Arksey and O'Malley. The search strategy has been established in 6 databases. We will investigate the legal implications of ageism in AI by searching grey literature databases, targeted websites, and popular search engines and using an iterative search strategy. Studies meet the inclusion criteria if they are in English, peer-reviewed, available electronically in full text, and meet one of the following two additional criteria: (1) include "bias" related to AI in any application (eg, facial recognition) and (2) discuss bias related to the concept of old age or ageism. At least two reviewers will independently conduct the title, abstract, and full-text screening. Search results will be reported using the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews) reporting guideline. We will chart data on a structured form and conduct a thematic analysis to highlight the societal, legal, and ethical implications reported in the literature. RESULTS: The database searches resulted in 7595 records when the searches were piloted in November 2021. The scoping review will be completed by December 2022. CONCLUSIONS: The findings will provide interdisciplinary insights into the extent of age-related bias in AI systems. The results will contribute foundational knowledge that can encourage multisectoral cooperation to ensure that AI is developed and deployed in a manner consistent with ethical values and human rights legislation as it relates to an older and aging population. We will publish the review findings in peer-reviewed journals and disseminate the key results with stakeholders via workshops and webinars. TRIAL REGISTRATION: OSF Registries AMG5P; INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/33211.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work is from CC’s grant as lead PI funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council [00360-2020]. RN was supported by the Wellcome Trust [213660/Z/18/Z] and the Leverhulme Trust [RC-2015-067] through the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence.
dc.publisherJMIR Publications Inc.
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.titleAgeism and Artificial Intelligence: Protocol for a Scoping Review.
dc.publisher.departmentLeverhulme Centre For The Future of Intelligence
prism.publicationNameJMIR Res Protoc
dc.contributor.orcidChu, Charlene H [0000-0002-0333-7210]
dc.contributor.orcidLeslie, Kathleen [0000-0003-0581-126X]
dc.contributor.orcidShi, Jiamin [0000-0002-1187-1990]
dc.contributor.orcidNyrup, Rune [0000-0002-9880-6912]
dc.contributor.orcidBianchi, Andria [0000-0003-3802-0771]
dc.contributor.orcidKhan, Shehroz S [0000-0002-1195-4999]
dc.contributor.orcidRahimi, Samira Abbasgholizadeh [0000-0003-3781-1360]
dc.contributor.orcidLyn, Alexandra [0000-0001-7377-8380]
dc.contributor.orcidGrenier, Amanda [0000-0003-2251-6035]
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
pubs.funder-project-idLeverhulme Trust (RC-2015-067)
pubs.funder-project-idWellcome Trust (213660/Z/18/Z)
pubs.funder-project-idLeverhulme Trust (RC-2015-067)
cam.orpheus.successFri Jun 10 16:18:11 BST 2022 - Embargo updated
pubs.licence-display-nameApollo Repository Deposit Licence Agreement

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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International