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Songs and Political History of Ejnee Torghuts



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Bulag, Uradyn E. 


Tsermee grew up as an adopted daughter in a Torghut herder family in the Bayanbogd mountains. The family was originally from Xinjiang. As Tsermee heard from them, they went on a pilgrimage from Xinjiang to Wutaishan where the wife gave birth to a girl called Samgaitsetseg but they decided to present her to someone called Darhan Merged. They adopted Tseremee after their arrival at Ejine.Tsermee was one of the victims in the dislocation of the Ejine Torghuts in 1958. During this migration, she composed an urtiin duu about her personal experience which she sang in the video. The Torghuts were removed from the Bayanbogd mountains to the Mazong mountains where they herded until 1968. They were then forced to return to the Ejine banner where they underwent another ten years of unrest.The songs that Tsermee sang in the interview represent three historical periods. Manan Tuhai is a song Torghuts sang in the Volga and is still well known amongst the Ejine Torghuts. She sang a Subei Mongolian urtiin duu which she learned from Subei Mongolians while she lived in the Mazong mountains. She also sang a Buryat song which she learned from Buryats who came to Alasha with Prince Demchugdonrov in 1949. She said that some Buryats lived in the Bayanbogd mountains where they flourished with their domestic animals.



Hovogsair Torghut, Ejine banner, pilgrimage Torghut, political migration, Mazong mountains, Manan Tuhai, Demchugdonrov, Buryat song

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Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge

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Sponsored by Arcadia Fund, a charitable fund of Lisbet Rausing and Peter Baldwin