Item Open AccessArchaeological Monitoring at the Former Co-op Site, Fengate, Peterborough(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-10-07) Brittain, Marcus; Standring, Robin; Brittain, Marcus [0000-0001-9917-9917]This report presents the results of archaeological monitoring carried out by the Cambridge Archaeological Unit on 27th August 2008, at Fengate (former CAU Co-op site adjacent to Elliott site) on behalf of Atkins as part of a Geotechnical test pit survey associated with the proposed development of a Waste Management Facility. The site was located on the eastern industrial edge of the city of Peterborough, lying upon First Terrace Nene gravels. Whilst excavations revealed no positive archaeological features, the archaeological potential of the area was confirmed by the observation of a sealed palaeosol deposit beneath previously recognised and securely dated strata. Item Open Access103-107 Grantchester Meadows, Newnham, Cambridge. An Archaeological Evaluation(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-10-07) Collins, Matthew; Standring, RobinAn archaeological evaluation was undertaken on the site of proposed development at 103-107 Grantchester Meadows. Three test pits were excavated to maximum depth revealing the presence of deeply stratified quarry backfill deposits that were judged to be of a pre-19th century date. Historic cartography and local information demonstrates that there was extensive quarrying on the western side of Newnham Croft prior to the extensive building of houses during the 19th and early 20th centuries Item Open AccessAddenbrooke's N Ward Plant Room and Associated Services. An Archaeological Evaluation and Watching Brief(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-10-07) Timberlake, SimonAn archaeological watching brief and small scale evaluation was undertaken during site works carried out in advance of the construction of the new N Ward block at Addenbrooke's Hospital. The watching brief took place during the insertion of trenches for both pipes and foundations, whilst the evaluation was carried out within a 10m by 10m area during the digging of a lift shaft and basement. The only archaeological feature found in this was a short section of narrow ditch which could not be dated. Since there was no obvious truncation of the archaeological levels, it seems very unlikely that any significant archaeology is to be found within the footprint of this site. Item Open AccessFairchild's Meadow, Haddenham. An Archaeological Earthwork Survey.(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-09-07) Standring, Robin; Matthews, JaneThe Cambridge Archaeological Unit was commissioned by Haddenham Parish Council and the Fairchild's Meadow Working Group to undertake an earthwork survey of 6.88 hectares of land on the north-west side of Haddenham village. The survey was undertaken between 25th April and 16th May 2008 and covered three fields described for the purpose of this report as Fairchild's Meadow, Pond Field and Bonfire Field. This report details the results of the earthwork survey and suggests an initial interpretation of the features based on evidence from local knowledge, historic cartography and other sources detailed in the Historic Environment Record of Cambridgeshire County Council. Item Open AccessAn Archaeological Evaluation at St. Bede's School, Cambridge(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-09-07) Standring, Robin; Hutton, JacquiAn archaeological evaluation was undertaken within the site of St Bede's School, Cambridge from 18th August to 20th August, in advance of the construction of two building extensions comprising 900sqm of new development. The PDA is currently open land centred on NGR TL 47880/56930 being formerly the site of mobile classrooms. The underlying geology comprises West Malbury Marly Chalk Formation Item Open AccessManor Farm, Old Wolverton, Milton Keynes. Phase 1(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-08-07) Cambridge Archaeological UnitA strip, map and sample exercise was undertaken by Cambridge Archaeological Unit at Manor Farm, Old Wolverton, Milton Keynes between July 2007 and March 2008 (SP 808 422). The work was carried out in advance of mineral extraction. The mineral was overlain by c. 2m alluvial deposits, archaeological activity was exposed sealed beneath, within and overlying the alluvial deposits. Activity sealed beneath the alluvial dates to the Mesolithic/Neolithic, ditches/channels cutting the alluvial were post medieval, whilst Saxon dates were obtained from posts driven through the mid/upper alluvial layers. Several undated features, linears and post holes/pits were identified within the mid/lower alluvial deposits. Item Open AccessThe Addenbrookes Access Road, Clay Farm, Trumpington, Cambridge. The 2008 Investigations: Sites 4 & 7.(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-08-07) Armour, NicholasTwo open-area investigations were undertaken on the Addenbrooke's Access Road construction corridor. These represented the final two phases of works started in April 2007. Site 4 and Site 7 were on low-lying land farmland within a dry valley located between Hobson's Brook and Addenbrooke's Hospital to the south of Cambridge. Site 4 revealed former field boundaries and drainage ditches of post-medieval date. A series of 20th century pits, postholes and gullies identified on the site were linked to the agricultural shows that were held on the land from 1948 until the 1960s. Site 7 revealed a total of 41 individual features of which 24 were ditches or ditch re-cuts, poorly dated by three stratified and three unstratified potsherds to the Late Iron Age to later Romano-British periods. A trackway and rectilinear field system was identified. Associated with these was a well or watering hole dated to the Iron Age and from which a fragment of saddle quern was retrieved. The remaining features consisted of eight undated rectilinear construction trenches, possibly part of a medieval warren, seven undated pits and one utilised treethrow. The importance of the excavations lay in their position within the landscape. They confirmed that historic and prehistoric occupation within the Hobson's Brook valley was confined to the valley sides and that associated field systems and tracks largely avoided the damper base. Item Open AccessLand off Hundred Road, March, Cambridgeshire: An Archaeological Evaluation.(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-08-07) Hutton, JacquiAn archaeological evaluation was undertaken by a team from Cambridge Archaeological Unit on behalf of Cambridgeshire County Council on a 4.53ha site off Melbourne Avenue, Hundred Road, March, Cambridgeshire. The area for the proposed Highways Depot (Area 1) contained a dense cluster of archaeological features on the western side. Many of the features were provisionally dated to the Bronze Age and included at least two watering holes, a complex of inter-cutting pits and ditches, a possible enclosure, and three (Deverel-Rimbury) cremations. Amongst the cluster of features, a ditch containing a horse skeleton was also found and dated to the Romano-British period. The trenches within the area of the proposed Waste Transfer Depot (Area 2) located a truncated field-system of prehistoric (presumed Bronze Age) date and a single four-post structure in the far north-western corner. A right angled Romano-British field-system was found across Area 2 with a substantial axial drainage/boundary ditch that ran parallel to the Fen Causeway. The north-western part of Area 1 also contained part of a complex of horticultural trenches that were oriented perpendicular to the main axis. Item Open AccessMayton Wood, Buxton with Lammas, Norfolk. A 'Strip, Map and Sample' Excavation. 39833BVX/03(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-07-07) Hutton, JacquiAn archaeological 'strip, map and sample' excavation and watching brief was undertaken on behalf of Frimstone Ltd on a 0.64ha site at Mayton Wood, Buxton with Lammas in April 2008. The results of the excavation revealed pits similar to those recorded in previous excavations and provided further information of a landscape utilised during the Early Medieval period. Item Open AccessChesterton to West Cambridge Anglia Water Sewer Pipeline: An Archaeological Watching Brief(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-07-07) Cessford, Craig; Cessford, Craig [0000-0001-7291-7828]An archaeological watching brief was undertaken between Autumn 2000 and Spring 2001 on 15 construction access shafts along the line of a major sewer pipeline extending between Chesterton (TL 5072 9374) and West Cambridge (TL 3536 8661). One shaft, M5, which has been previously reported upon, revealed a significant Roman to Post-Medieval archaeological sequence. Of the remaining 14, shaft M6 may have encountered part of the outer edge of the 4th century ditch of the Roman town, while shaft M3 revealed a Post-Medieval river defence bank. Several other shafts revealed less significant Post-Medieval features and buried soils. Item Open AccessBlack Cat Island, Roxton, Bedfordshire: An Archaeological Evaluation(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2007-02-06) Ranson, CatherineArchaeological evaluation on open fields along the River Great Ouse, in advance of permission for quarrying. 47 trenches machined totalling 2150m. Background prehistoric activity was identified, whereas the majority of the archaeology excavated dates to the Romano-British, revealing a small domestic occupation site. Small scale post medieval quarrying and furrows were also identified along with a modern pig burial. Item Open AccessJones Boatyard, St. Ives, Cambridgeshire: An Archaeological Evaluation(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-07-07) Collins, MatthewAn archaeological evaluation carried out through a program of test pits and trial trenching at Jones Boatyard St Ives, Cambridgeshire. The test pit survey identified two palaeochannels including a probable former course for the River Great Ouse, whilst the trial trenching revealed a single medium sized pit dated to the Beaker period. The evaluation has provided evidence to suggest the site has only ever been utilised for agricultural purposes and water meadow because of the shifting nature of the river and vulnerability to frequent flooding. Item Open AccessExcavations at Langtoft. The Freeman Land(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-06-07) Hutton, JacquiAn archaeological watching brief and excavation was undertaken by a team from Cambridge Archaeological Unit on behalf of Hanson Aggregates PLC. on a 7.93ha site at Baston No. 1 Quarry. The excavation revealed field systems of Middle Bronze Age date, in addition to pits, wellls and postholes with complimentary domestic debris. The remains of the two ring ditches, associated cremations and an inhumation provided an insight to the cominity of the Bronze Age people and how they buried their dead and placed the site in context in the surrounding landscape. Item Open AccessExcavations at Langtoft. The Glebe Land(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-06-07) Hutton, JacquiAn archaeological excavation was undertaken by a team from Cambridge Archaeological Unit on behalf of Hanson Aggregates PLC on a 5.06ha site at Baston No. 2 Quarry. This excavation at Glebe covered about three quaters of the field, the remainder will be excavated at a later date. The excavation revealed field systems of Middle Bronze Age date, in addition to pits, wells and postholes with complimentary domestic debris, were excavated and recorded. The remains of a ring ditch with an inhumation, a trackway and enclosed settlement provide an insight to the community of the Bronze Age people and place the site in context with the surrounding landscape. Item Open AccessThe Red Lion, Whittlesford Bridge, Cambridgeshire: An Archaeological Evalution(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-06-07) Hutton, JacquiAn archaeological evaluation was undertaken within the grounds of the Red Lion Public House, Whittlesford Bridge, Cambridgeshire, (NGR TL 4848 4725), from the 2nd June to 9th June 2008 in advance of a proposed development of a hotel (Figure 1). The position and orientation of the trenches was determined by the proposed development and the location of trees, services and garden features. The evaluation revealed evidence for Late Mesolithic/earlier Neolithic activity, in the form of two tree throws and worked flint, potential medieval activity in the form of a pit, and two linears and a posthole of uncertain date. A wall related to mid 19th century outbuildings was also recorded. The land to the south of the chapel and public house was truncated and disturbed due to the construction and subsequent demolition of buildings during the mid 20th century. Item Open AccessThe Red Lion, Whittlesford Bridge: A Survey of the WWII Structures in the Grounds(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-06-07) Dickens, AlisonThe structure is located 50m south of Station Road Whittlesford, immediately behind the Red Lion Hotel. It is orientated more-or-less north – south with the long west side about 33m from the Cambridge to London main railway line. Its context with the WWII defence scheme is discussed elsewhere (Appendix 1 in Anderson 2008). This report serves as a physical record of the structure. Item Open AccessThe Waste Management Park, Ely Road, Waterbeach, Cambridge: An Archaeological Excavation.(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-06-07) Ranson, CatherineThe archaeological excavation area was defined by trial trenching in advance of the construction of a Mechanical Biological Treatment Plant at the Waste Management Park, Ely Road, Waterbeach. Scattered prehistoric activity was identified but the majority of the archaeology was asociated with the edge of a Romano-British settlement. The settlement included two enclosures, droveways and quarrying with a late Roman midden containing 85 Roman coins and other possible votive objects, potentially related to the nearby Roman temple. Item Open AccessThe Cambridge 33KV Reinforcement Cable Route: An Archaeological Watching Brief 2004 - 2008(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-06-07) Davenport, Ben; Newman, Richard; Slater, AdamAn archaeological watching brief was undertaken on an intermittent basis between the 6th of November 2004 and the 14th of January 2008 along the route of the 33kv reinforcement cable. As part of this project, approximately 5.12km of trenching was inserted along roads and across common ground on the northern and eastern sides of the City of Cambridge (extending from TL 45310/61375 to TL 44805/59002). Monitoring of this work revealed evidence of a possible 12th century channel, a 14th century laneway and the foundations of 17th century warehouses within the area of the new electricity sub-station at 24 Thompson's Lane, along with the remnants of 17th to 19th century cellars located beneath nearby St John's Road. In addition, evidence of an extensive network of palaeochannels running across the Jesus Green and Midsummer Common area was uncovered; these were succeeded by numerous episodes of consolidation and ground-raising activity, dating from the 17th to 20th centuries, along the southern bank of the River Cam. Item Open AccessN.I.A.B. Research Centre, Park Farm, Impington: An Archaeological Evaluation & Excavation.(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-05-07) Murrell, KerryAn archaeological evaluation and subsequent excavation was carried out at Park Farm, Villa Road, Cambridgeshire (centred TL 4348 6310) by the Cambridge Archaeological Unit between 14th February and 25th March 2008. The work was undertaken on behalf of the National Institute of Agricultural Botany in advance of the redevelopment of a field station and laboratory. A total area of 1,426m² was examined in seventeen trial trenches, followed by a small open area excavation and three further trenches totalling 796 m². The evaluation and excavation revealed Late Bronze Age activity in the form of a four post structure and an eighteen post sub-circular structure, indicative of small scale or seasonal flux occupation. Later agricultural activity was indicated by a Middle Iron Age curvilinear ditch and evidence of two alignments of post-medieval fields. The results of the excavation contradict the traditional opinion that the Gault clay area north of Cambridge was not suitable for such prehistoric settlement, and suggests that the 'blank' in the archaeological record reflects an absence of evidence due to more limited fieldwork in these areas. Item Open AccessPlot 12, Hamburg Way, North Lynn Industrial Estate, King's Lynn: An Archaeological Evaluation.(Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, 2008-05-07) Timberlake, SimonAn archaeological trench evaluation undertaken in advance of the construction of office units. This 0.19 hectare site contained a now levelled saltern mound previously identified on a 1943 air photo. Two cross trenches were dug revealing the base of a large truncated mound of washed and dumped silt enclosing very minor briquetage debris. This overlay a black ashy deposit washed-in from surrounding saltern hearths. This covered the floor of a former saltmarsh tidal creek.Underneath the NW end of Trench 1 was a platform or mound with a pit and also the dumped remains of poorly preserved briquetage salt pan vessels and oven supports which showed strong similarities to Late Iron Age-Roman examples from Norfolf and Lincolnshire. A cut ditch around the base of this mound/ creek edge may have been a later addition. Beneath the SW end of Trench 2 was a slightly later silt mound. From the base of this came sherds of 14th/15th century pottery, briquetage (hearth) bricks and salt glaze 'slag'. There were three phases of saltern construction/use in total.