A Pair-wise Approach to Testing for Output and Growth Convergence
Pesaran, M. Hashem
Faculty of Economics
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Pesaran, M. H. (2006). A Pair-wise Approach to Testing for Output and Growth Convergence. https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.5080
This paper proposes a pair-wise approach to testing for output convergence that considers all N(N-1)/2 possible pairs of log per capita output gaps across N economies. A general probabilistic definition of output convergence is also proposed. The approach is compatible with individual output series having unit roots, does not involve the choice of a reference country in computation of output gaps, and can be applied when N is large relative to T. The test is applied to output series in the Penn World Tables (1950-2000), and to Maddison's historical series (1870-2000). Overall, the results do not support output convergence and suggest that the findings of convergence clubs in the literature might be spurious. However, significant evidence of growth convergence is found. Non-convergence of log per capita outputs combined with growth convergence suggests that there are important country-specific factors that render output gaps highly persistent.
Economic Growth, Panel Data Models, Common Technological Shocks, Convergence, Classification-JEL: C32, C33, D90, O47
This record's DOI: https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.5080