DSpace Federation 2nd User Group Meeting
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The 2nd DSpace Federation User Group meeting was held at New Hall, University of Cambridge on Thursday-Friday, 7-8 July 2005.
Summaries of the meeting are available on the DSpace Federation wiki and on the dspace-general mail list.
The meeting was attended by 140 participants from 22 countries.
There were 23 formal presentations. Copies of all available presentations and posters from the meeting are now available in this collection.
Now showing 1 - 20 of 25
- ItemOpen AccessConference programme of the DSpace Federation 2nd User Group meeting(2005-07-07) Morgan, PeterConference programme of the DSpace Federation 2nd User Group meeting held in Cambridge, UK on 2005-07-07 and 2005-07-08.
- ItemOpen AccessOpening speaker: Adventures in Time and DSpace(2005-07-07) Tansley, RobertDSpace has come a long way since its beginnings at HP Labs and MIT Libraries. Originally, DSpace was designed to be "digital shelf space" for the volumes of intellectual output from MIT that are in digital rather than paper form, for example datasets and rich media, in addition to text. This goal was clearly not limited to MIT: universities, research institutions and many other kinds of organisation face the same challenges. Not only does this mean that DSpace could be of value to those organisations: these organisations represent a vast pool of resources, and who might not be able to build such a system from scratch by themselves, but would certainly be able to contribute to the maintenance and enhancement of an existing system. Thus, the vision for DSpace was born: Build a "breadth-first" system to tackle the problems in a relatively simple way; then release the system as open source, allowing the globally dispersed community of researchers and developers to add depth, giving the system longevity and growth not possible from one institution working alone. This vision appears to have been well-founded. DSpace is now used by around 100 organisations in 28 countries worldwide, with around 40 individuals having contributed to development. New developments are contributed on a weekly basis, and numerous research projects with forward-looking goals are growing around the DSpace nucleus. DSpace has made the transition to a vibrant open source project, its future and growth assured by the size of our community. In this talk I will give a brief history of DSpace, and give a snapshot of our community today. I'll then describe some of the opportunities and challenges faced by our community moving forward.
- ItemOpen AccessCambridge Centre for Applied Research in Educational Technologies (CARET): Collaboration, Coherence and Capacity-Building: Using DSpace to Support a Major Social Science Research Programme in the UK.(2005-07-07) Procter, Richard; Carmichael, P.In this paper we describe how the Teaching and Learning Research Programme (TLRP), an eight-year, Â£30 million programme charged with supporting and developing educational research in the United Kingdom has implemented and applied a DSpace as a repository for project and programme outputs including published articles, conference papers, research reports, briefings and press releases. The DSpace repository has become a major element in the user engagement strategy of the programme; the OAI (Open Archive Initiative) interface providing a basis for the development of a number of applications and services to projects and other interested groups, including search interfaces, dynamic web content, RSS feeds and other services. These have also formed the basis of collaboration and communication between the TLRP and other research programmes, indexes and resources. The TLRP is also concerned to enable collaboration between researchers and to foster individual, institutional and sector-wide research capacity. The OAI interface has been used as the basis of data visualization tools, allowing the identification of distinctive patterns of collaboration across the diverse projects of the programme, and also allows exploration of similarities and differences between education research (within and beyond the TLRP) and other disciplines.
- ItemOpen AccessUniversity of Wisconsin: NSpace: Exploring Architectural Design Principles for a Next-Generation Institutional Repository(2005-07-07) Simpson, Mike; Downing, JimThis presentation is intended to serve as a gentle but complete introduction to the architectural design elements of NSpace, a proof-of-concept prototype that explores an application infrastructure for a next-generation institutional repository. The NSpace architecture combines a number of emerging technologies to provide a flexible, modular framework for institutional repository development. The NSpace prototype uses a representational state transfer (REST) model for client/server communication, and employs a staged event-drive architecture (SEDA) manager for dynamic resource control and adaptive overload management; it also uses an inversion of control (IoC) container for runtime configuration of participating components. The NSpace framework cleanly separates client interfaces ("frontends") from server implementation details ("backend"). Frontends communicate with one or more backend servers using protocol-neutral transaction objects ("transactions"): clients embed transactions inside service request objects ("requests") that implement protocol details (i.e. the XML-over-HTTP "RESTful" communication model), and then execute the request. Request execution by the client replicates the transaction object to the backend server, which services the transaction and replicates the completed transaction object back to the client. All details of request execution are completely encapsulated by the service request object: from the client's point of view, the state of the transaction object simply changes across the call to the execution method. Although RESTful service requests are the current default implementation for NSpace, the architecture is designed to easily incorporate additional protocols (web services et al.) with a minimum of effort. The NSpace framework also modularizes the implementations of supporting code ("support modules") within the backend server. Individual modules are written as POJOs ("plain old Java objects") that include a transaction-handling method (one that receives a transaction object, performs processing activity on it, and returns it to the framework for further processing). Modules are assembled into sequences of cooperating instances ("chains"), which are then made remotely accessible through servicing endpoints ("services"). When the framework replicates a client transaction object, it is queued to the first module in the appropriate chain. Transaction "fall through" the chains, with each participating module given its turn to perform work; at the end of the chain, the completed transaction object is delivered back to the originating client. Again, the framework encapsulates and manages all runtime queueing and dequeuing operations as transactions move through the servicing chains: from the individual module's point of view, its processing method is simply invoked once per transaction passing through it. Most usefully, the transaction objects (represented as Java interfaces in code, or as DTDs in REST/XML representation) assume the role of the protocol-neutral, implementation-independent fundamental units of work done by the institutional repository. Development of frontend interfaces, client/server communication methods, and backend functionality implementations each become largely independent of each other, since each "end" of the code is insulated from changes by the common ground of the transaction objects. The NSpace project is also exploring the current state-of-the-art in coding techniques and practices: using Subversion as a source code repository; JUnit for unit testing; Maven for project management; and Eclipse for integrated code authoring.
- ItemOpen AccessTexas A&M Libraries: DSpace XML UI Project Technical Overview(2005-07-07) Phillips, ScottThis presentation describes the modifications to DSpace by Texas A&M Libraries to support an XML-based user interface. The purpose is to enable the establishment of a unique look-and-feel for each community & collection in DSpace; this may include integrating with a community's existing web presence outside of DSpace. The goal of the DSpace XML UI project is to increase the adoption of DSpace by these communities.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Australian National University: Case Study: Creating Publications from a DSpace Repository(2005-07-07) Yeadon, ScottWe demonstrate the re-publication of a complex document (text and interactive CD) from a DSpace repository. The document components (over two hundred text, schematic, audio, image and video components) are transformed into open standard formats and stored in DSpace, together with a relationship map. Appropriate presentations (PDF, HTML) are generated dynamically using the Apache Cocoon framework. The implications of this case study for a more general publication framework are considered.
- ItemOpen AccessIntegrating DSpace and the data grid - an interim status report(2005-07-07) Rodgers, RichardIn this short presentation, we will survey current and future research into efforts to integrate DSpace with 'grid' technologies for more scalable storage. After a general introduction to the grid, we examine the work surrounding DSpace and the Storage Resource Broker (SRB), a data grid middleware component developed by the San Diego Supercomputing Center. DSpace 1.3 will include some SRB support. Work extending this integration in the context of DSpace 2.0 will also be described.
- ItemOpen AccessUniversity of Minho: DSpace-Dev @ University of Minho - Development of tools and add-ons for the DSpace platform(2005-07-07) Baptista, Ana Alice; Ferreira, MiguelDSpace related activities at University of Minho (UM) started in April 2003 and since then many developments have been made. The first step was taken by the University Documentation Services (SDUM) with the translation of DSpace to Portuguese which was followed by the implementation of the RepositoriUM, the university's institutional repository. The translated version of DSpace has been downloaded and used in many other institutions in Portugal and Brazil. This very same version of DSpace served as a basis for the Papadocs system - a system which aimed at providing access to all assignments developed by the students of the Department of Information Systems. This instance of DSpace also served as test bed for a series of add-ons created at the department, namely, the Commenting Add-on, the Recommendation Add-on, the Web of Communication Add-on and the Controlled Vocabulary Add-on. This project has lead to the formation of several interesting ideas. These include the improvement of the Controlled Vocabulary Add-on to support more complex structures, such as thesauri, and the development of automatic metadata extractors that could fill in some of the required metadata during the process depositing new items.
- ItemOpen AccessIndian Statistical Institute: Using Multiple Metadata Formats in DSpace(2005-07-07) Prasad, A R DMost commonly DSpace is being used as an institutional repository and also as a discipline based repository. There have been attempts to extend DSpace ability to host electronic theses and dissertations like the popular Tapir and the attempt of The University of Manitoba to provide etdms metadata format. However, the user community has often expressed the requirement for other metadata formats like VRA core, IMS etc. Support for many metadata formats will greatly enhance the use of DSpace and the type of resources that could be preserved using DSpace. The task involves provision of creation of more elements in dctypregistry table incorporating new elements in the submission workflow making some of the newer elements searchable Displaying new elements in search results most importantly, exposing the newly created metadata formats through OAI protocol The recent beta version (1.2.2beta) of DSpace comes with much needed input forms with which one can define their own submission forms. This feature adds additional ability of adding any metadata format to DSpace in addition to exiting OAI-Dublin Core. This papers attempts to enumerate various metadata formats and the required element sets. Further, it provides guidelines for modifying various DSpace files for some of the popular metadata formats in use like etdms and vra core.
- ItemOpen AccessUniversity of Patras: Enabling Multilingualism and I18N in DSpace(2005-07-07) Koutsomitropoulos, DimitriosTwo years ago University of Patras initiated a large project in order to reform the studies programmes of its departments. Along with departmental efforts a series of central support actions where set up and put on to development. Among these, the establishment of a central inter-departmental Institutional Repository that will facilitate management, preservation and dissemination of educational material has a major role in the effectiveness and success of the project. After a review process and taking in to account parameters like system availability, extent of support and use of state-of-the-art technologies DSpace was selected as the basis for the development of the University of Patras educational repository. This presentation is focusing on the efforts that have been made in order to upgrade DSpace in to a truly internationalized system, instead of its mere localization. Specifically the presentation revolves around the following points: 1) The methodology followed towards making the DSpace UI multilingual, recently incorporated in to DSpace 1.3. 2) internationalization of dynamic content in servlets and tags (like dates, headers and other text). 3) Submission of metadata in more that one language (metadata language description). 4) Language-dependent item view. 5) Dynamic change between interface languages. 6) Lessons learned and suggestions for further progress on DSpace i18n
- ItemOpen AccessUniversity of Cambridge and MIT: Exploring Strategies for Digital Preservation for DSpace@Cambridge(2005-07-07) Downing, Jim; Carpenter, GraceCambridge University Library and MIT Libraries submit this proposal to share the outcomes of the digital preservation research work conducted through the DSpace@Cambridge project, concentrating on two main areas: Process Automation and Preservation Planning. Automation Digital preservation activity in its current form commonly involves a high level of human effort. In mediated archiving the archivist's efforts do not scale well. In self-archiving situations this effort can be a barrier to the adoption of the digital preservation activity. It behoves us, therefore, to look for opportunities to make this process more efficient through automation. The potential for sustainable preservation of a digital object can be improved by accurate identification of the file's type, validation of the file against type specification, and technical metadata extraction. Recently available software (e.g. JHOVE)  provides identification and validation for a number of popular types, and there are older existing technologies (e.g. the 'file' command) that have some useful functionality in this area. DSpace@Cambridge will evaluate the different tools, investigate storage strategies for technical metadata, attempt to gauge the utility of certain types of technical metadata, and provide a technique for integrating these into institutional repositories. Preservation Planning DSpace@Cambridge intends to develop strategy templates that will assist institutions with the preservation planning process. Building on work on format action plans done at the Florida Center for Library Automation as part of the  DAITSS project, we hope to create a system of machine readable preservation strategies that can evolve to support future rendering processes, and yet retain enough information that such processes can be human validated. Although the initial aim will be on migration, it is hoped that the technique can be extended to emulation and Universal Virtual Computer approaches. Our hope is to prove this preservation strategy approach by writing a migration tool for one or two formats capable of supporting migration on ingest or migration on-the-fly. It should be possible to share strategy templates between institutions. [ 1 ] http://hul.harvard.edu/jhove/jhove.html [ 2 ] http://www.fcla.edu/digitalArchive/pdfs/DAITSS.pdf
- ItemOpen AccessUniversity of Bergen: Data exchange between national Norwegian research reporting systems and DSpace(2005-07-07) Stangeland, ElinBORA is the institutional repository of the University of Bergen. In it researchers from the University self-archive research publications such as journal articles, reports, PhD-theses and masters theses. Researchers at four of the Universities in Norway are currently reporting their research to a reporting system called FRIDA, built on the recommendations of the Ministry of Education and Research. IR project groups from the same four universities are collaborating with the FRIDA development group in Oslo to harvest data from parts of FRIDA (by using the OAI-PMH) and import these into the local IRs. They are also planning to create a solution where the researcher can upload the full-text documents (files) as well, transmitting these to the local IRs. For the Bergen Open Research Archive this means that we need to adapt DSpace to handle the imported data. They should be injected into a specialised workflow, which pools the data until staff have time to follow them up. There must also be a way to "submit" the data from the "temporary pool" into their final destination, the collections of BORA, creating traditional DSpace items.
- ItemOpen AccessUniversity of Parma: Academic staff expectations on DSpace services: results of a survey at the University of Parma's Art and Humanities Faculty(2005-07-07) Tammaro, Anna MariaDSpace has been implemented in the University of Parma in the second semester of 2003, with 2004 as a preparatory year of experimentation and organisation. The first Faculty to be involved in the Dspace project experimentation has been the Arts and Humanities Faculty, starting from the Department of Cultural Heritage, followed by some others on voluntary basis. A survey was done in March 2004, with the aim of personalising the services to different needs and behaviours of the Faculty staff, distributed in the Departments of: History, Political Science, Environment Studies, Education, Philosophy, Italian Literature, Foreign Languages and Literature, Classical and Medieval Philology and Cultural Heritages. The objectives of the survey were: measure and evaluate the use of electronic publications and the disposal to publish on line by teachers; to know the behaviour and expectations of the humanistic teachers about preservation, copyright, peer-review and Open Access; to understand if the characteristics of the different disciplines could impact on the use of the Open Access archives; to verify what types of document Faculty teachers would like to store more than others. The percentage of reply has been of 53%, with History Department with the higher reply percentage and Environmental Department the lower. The results have demonstrated a high percentage of teachers willing to deposit their publications in DSpace (66%), with differences related to specialisation, qualifications (researcher, professor, assistant), Departments and preferred typology of publications. The expectations about DSpace are high as a support for research publications and for learning and teaching. However many teachers need abilities and training to use the deposit system and most (80%) wish security and stability assurances for the documents stored. Research reports and articles (80%) are the preferred typology of documents to store. The survey was useful for the criteria and policy of the DSpace organisation and policy, in particular for the role of support staff, facilitating promotion, submission and editing of documents.
- ItemOpen AccessUniversity of Oregon: Expanding the Focus of the IR: Scholars' Bank at the University of Oregon(2005-07-07) Hixson, CarolDSpace installations that have targeted scholarly, academic materials have been having a difficult time acquiring content. A variety of strategies for marketing institutional repositories to faculty have been discussed in the literature and at conferences. There are many DSpace sites at campuses around the world that have only one or two hundred items, even after two or more years of work. The same was true of the University of Oregon's site, Scholars' Bank, until recently. In the past six months, however, the University of Oregon's contributions to Scholars' Bank have increased 255% over what had been submitted in the previous 18 months. Hits against the archive have increased 224% in the same time period, with searchers coming in from all over the world. The presentation will discuss problems with the assumptions inherent in the original model and focus on how the University of Oregon turned the corner.
- ItemOpen AccessUniversity of Aberdeen School of Medicine: Digital Libraries and Evidence in the Developing World Context(2005-07-07) Ferguson, JonHealth Information for All" has been asserted as a prerequisite for meeting the Millennium Development Goals . Much work is focussed on lowering the barriers of access to published information by free access journals, publications and through collaborative web-based publication. Can open-source digital-asset stores such as DSpace provide an effective way to enhance this initiative - especially within the context of poorer African countries where internet connectivity is not yet that reliable? The Initiative for Maternal Mortality Programme Assessment (IMMPACT) is directly involved in evaluating maternal mortality interventions in 3 developing countries: Burkina Faso, Ghana and Indonesia. As part of this work we are building an evidence-base of direct and indirect causes affecting maternal mortality rate (MMR). This will become a platform to enable our researchers in 6 countries to reason and discover links between different data, papers and analyses. DSpace is providing an excellent bases for this project due to its low-cost, out-of-the-box deployment and ease of enhancement. Thus it has the potential to double both as a digital-library within the project and country partners but also enable us to investigate the use of web-ontologies for studying and sharing knowledge about this domain.  Godlee, F., Pakenham-Walsh, N., Ncayiyana, D., Cohen, B., Packer, A. (2004) "Can we achieve health information for all by 2015." The Lancet 364: 295-300.
- ItemOpen AccessUniversity of Rochester: The Tools of UR Research(2005-07-07T16:53:18Z) Sarr, NathanThe University of Rochester is currently engaged in several projects which it feels will add great value to the DSpace project and its community. These projects include Researcher Pages, Statistics Display and the Checksum tool, which is being jointly developed by Cambridge, MIT, and the University of Rochester. Each DSpace enhancement was developed out of research with users with specific objectives in mind. Researcher Pages were created to expand faculty interest, enhance their experience, and showcase their research in our DSpace system with the added result of increasing the size of our digital archive. Statistics Display was added to provide real-time, up-to-date information about DSpace usage as well as help evaluate the value it is providing to an institution and its community. The Checksum tool was developed to allow, at least at some level, assurance that we would be able to uphold our promise of digital preservation over time. These enhancements are considered an invaluable part of our DSpace installation and each supports the others. The Researcher Pages garner support and interest from faculty, while the Statistics Display proves to our researchers and community the value of archiving their information. The checksum tool provides the necessary sense of security that any digital corruption or problems can be isolated and resolved before it is too late and data is lost forever. These enhancements put together provide a very compelling reason to use DSpace by the Community on a regular basis not just for data access but also for personal preservation and promotion. This presentation will include a demonstration of each DSpace enhancement with a discussion of the goals, technical decisions, and trade offs resulting from the choices made. We will also briefly review the user research that led to the development of these tools. Following this we would like to talk about the future of DSpace and development goals at the University of Rochester.
- ItemOpen AccessCatholic University of Leuven: A usable DSpace with extra functionalities(2005-07-07T16:49:51Z) Droogmans, Lieven; Bosman, Ben
- ItemOpen AccessIntroduction: Incorporating local developments to DSpace(2005-07-07T16:46:23Z) Jones, RichardIncreasingly community developments are becoming available to augment the existing DSpace functionality, and it is important that these developments both fit alongside the core system and have the potential to be incorporated into the main distribution. Open source development can be very successful if community developments are encouraged and easily added. Here we use the Tapir e-theses management tools developed at Edinburgh University Library as an example of third party development and how those developments can be integrated, in whole or in part, into the DSpace core. This includes: the design decisions that need to be made when first developing the additional software; determining the applicability of parts of the software for the main codebase, to aid a consistent direction of development; and finally the patch creation process, with the additional administrative code requirements that are not necessarily present in the original code. This should provide a good introduction to developing for DSpace for those already doing so, or those preparing to do so.
- ItemOpen AccessThe China Digital Museum Project(2005-07-07T16:43:32Z) Tansley, Robert; Shen, Xukun; Qi, YueThe China Digital Museum Project is a collaborative project between the Chinese Ministry of Education, Hewlett-Packard Company and several Chinese universities, including Beijing Normal University and Beihang University. Many universities in China have one or more museums. In order to improve access to the artefacts in these museums, these universities are undertaking the digitisation of those artefacts. The principal aim of this project is to provide these universities with infrastructure based on DSpace to store, manage, preserve and disseminate the digitised versions of the artefacts. In the final phase of the project, there will be around 100 university museums with digital artefacts stored in federated DSpace installations. In fulfilling this requirement, we need to address many problems associated with managing distributed digital asset management, including persistent identifiers, metadata standardisation, deployment processes and management, and content and metadata replication. Another challenge that this project faces is how to consolidate the very diverse digital assets each university museum manages so that users can navigate the entire collection by subject. Hence we aim to create "virtual museums", formed by arrangements of digital assets by subject, regardless of physical location. In this presentation we will describe the project and our current progress.
- ItemOpen AccessCWSpace: Archiving MIT OpenCourseWare in DSpace(2005-07-07T16:41:19Z) Reilly, WilliamCharged with archiving all of MIT's OpenCourseWare content, the CWSpace project has been exploring new kinds of development on the Dspace platform in two key directions: packaging metadata and protocols. This talk reports on progress towards the support of new, standards-based ingest (and dissemination) functionality (e.g., IMS Content Packaging), as well as in the area of new "lightweight network interfaces" capabilities (e.g., Web Services protocols). Each of these development efforts is designed to support the needs of a new kind of content type that is coming from a non-traditional domain for institutional repository tools, namely, "courseware," or teaching and learning materials. A profile to the IMS Content Package for MIT's OpenCourseWare content has been developed, with hopes of wider applicability to learning management systems. Extending that profile to other packaging standards (e.g. METS) is discussed, especially in light of a general METS for DSpace SIP (Submission Information Package). Current investigation into technology options for Web Services (e.g. SOAP/WSDL; RESTful, WebDAV) are discussed, particularly in light of needs for packaging (aggregating) DSpace objects (Items, Bitstreams) to support the requirements that teaching and learning materials have for a relatively high degree of flexibility in their management and dissemination.