A metabolomic strategy defines the regulation of lipid content and global metabolism by Delta-9 desaturases in Caenorhabditis elegans
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Castro, C., Sar, F., Shaw, W. R., Mishima, M., Miska, E., & Griffin, J. (2012). A metabolomic strategy defines the regulation of lipid content and global metabolism by Delta-9 desaturases in Caenorhabditis elegans. http://www.dspace.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/241685
Abstract Background Caenorhabditis elegans provides a genetically tractable model organism to investigate the network of genes involved in fat metabolism and how regulation is perturbed to produce the complex phenotype of obesity. C. elegans possess the full range of desaturases, including the Δ9 desaturases expressed by fat-5, fat-6 and fat-7. They regulate the biosynthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids, used for the synthesis of lipids including phospholipids, triglycerides and cholesteryl esters. Results Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS), gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy were used to define the metabolome of all the possible knock-outs for the Δ9 desaturases, including for the first time intact lipids. Despite the genes having similar enzymatic roles, excellent discrimination was achievable for all single and viable double mutants highlighting the distinctive roles of fat-6 and fat-7, both expressing steroyl-CoA desaturases. The metabolomic changes extend to aqueous metabolites demonstrating the influence Δ9 desaturases have on regulating global metabolism and highlighting how comprehensive metabolomics is more discriminatory than classically used dyes for fat staining. Conclusions The propagation of metabolic changes across the network of metabolism demonstrates that modification of the Δ9 desaturases places C.elegans into a catabolic state compared with wildtype controls.
Wellcome Trust (092096/Z/10/Z)
This record's URL: http://www.dspace.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/241685
Rights Holder: Castro et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.