Germ-line DICER1 mutations do not make a major contribution to the etiology of familial testicular germ cell tumours
Shuen, Andrew Y
Kanetsky, Peter A
Nathanson, Katherine L
Foulkes, William D
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Sabbaghian, N., Bahubeshi, A., Shuen, A. Y., Kanetsky, P. A., Tischkowitz, M., Nathanson, K. L., & Foulkes, W. D. (2013). Germ-line DICER1 mutations do not make a major contribution to the etiology of familial testicular germ cell tumours. https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-6-127
Abstract Background The RNase III enzyme DICER1 plays a central role in maturation of microRNAs. Identification of neoplasia-associated germ-line and somatic mutations in DICER1 indicates that mis-expression of miRNAs in cancer may result from defects in their processing. As part of a recent study of DICER1 RNase III domains in 96 testicular germ cell tumors, a single RNase IIIb domain mutation was identified in a seminoma. To further explore the importance of DICER1 mutations in the etiology of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT), we studied germ-line DNA samples from 43 probands diagnosed with familial TGCT. Findings We carried out High Resolution Melting Curve Analysis of DICER1 exons 2–12, 14–19, 21 and 24–27. All questionable melt curves were subjected to confirmatory Sanger sequencing.Sanger sequencing was used for exons 13, 20, 22 and 23. Intron-exon boundaries were included in all analyses. We identified 12 previously reported single nucleotide polymorphisms and two novel single nucleotide variants. No likely deleterious variants were identified; notably no mutations that were predicted to truncate the protein were identified. Conclusions Taken together with previous studies, the findings reported here suggest a very limited role for either germ-line or somatic DICER1 mutations in the etiology of TGCT.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-6-127
This record's URL: http://www.dspace.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/244572
Rights Holder: Nelly Sabbaghian et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.