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dc.contributor.authorHowell, Andyen
dc.contributor.authorJackson, Jamesen
dc.contributor.authorEngland, Philipen
dc.contributor.authorHigham, Tomen
dc.contributor.authorSynolakis, Costasen
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-28T08:57:19Z
dc.date.available2015-07-28T08:57:19Z
dc.date.issued2015-10-01en
dc.identifier.citationHowell et al. Geophysical Journal International (2015) Vol. 203 Issue 1, pp. 459-474. doi: 10.1093/gji/ggv307
dc.identifier.issn0956-540X
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/249094
dc.description.abstractSeveral large earthquakes in the Hellenic subduction zone have been documented in historical records from around the eastern Mediterranean, but the relative seismic quiescence of the region over the period of instrumental observation means that the exact locations of these earthquakes and their tectonic significance are not known. We present AMS radiocarbon dates from uplifted late Holocene palaeoshorelines from the island of Rhodes, showing that uplift is most consistent with a single large (MW ≥ 7:7) reverse-faulting earthquake between about 2000 BC and 200 BC. Analysis of the uplift treating the earthquake as a dislocation in an elastic half space shows a predominantly a reverse-faulting event with a slip vector oblique to the direction of convergence between Rhodes and Nubia. We suggest that the fault responsible for the uplift dips at an angle of 30-60° above the more gently-dipping oblique subduction interface. The highly oblique convergence across the eastern Hellenic plate boundary zone appears to be partitioned into reverse slip on faults that strike parallel to the boundary and strike-parallel or oblique slip on the subduction interface. Hydrodynamical simulation of tsunami propagation from a range of tectonically plausible sources suggests that earthquakes on the fault uplifting Rhodes represent a significant tsunami hazard for Rhodes and SW Turkey, and also possibly for Cyprus and the Nile Delta.
dc.description.sponsorshipAH is supported by a Shell Studentship. This study forms part of the NERC- and ESRC-funded project "Earthquakes Without Frontiers".
dc.languageEnglishen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherOxford University Press
dc.subjectCoastal upliften
dc.subjectHellenic subduction zoneen
dc.subjectprehistoric earthquakeen
dc.subjectslip partitioningen
dc.titleLate Holocene uplift of Rhodes, Greece: evidence for a large tsunamigenic earthquake and the implications for the tectonics of the eastern Hellenic Trench Systemen
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionThis is the final version of the article. It first appeared from Oxford University Press via http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggv307en
prism.endingPage474
prism.publicationDate2015en
prism.publicationNameGeophysical Journal Internationalen
prism.startingPage459
prism.volume203en
dc.rioxxterms.funderNERC
dc.rioxxterms.funderESRC
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1093/gji/ggv307en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2015-10-01en
dc.contributor.orcidJackson, James [0000-0003-2927-1771]
dc.identifier.eissn1365-246X
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
pubs.funder-project-idNatural Environment Research Council (NE/J016322/1)
pubs.funder-project-idNatural Environment Research Council (NE/J019895/1)
pubs.funder-project-idNatural Environment Research Council (NE/K011014/1)


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