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dc.contributor.authorTammisola, Oen
dc.contributor.authorJuniper, Matthewen
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-29T13:35:22Z
dc.date.available2016-01-29T13:35:22Z
dc.date.issued2016-03-03en
dc.identifier.citationTammisola & Juniper. Journal of Fluid Mechanics (2016) Vol. 792, pp. 620- 657. doi: 10.1017/jfm.2016.86en
dc.identifier.issn0022-1120
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/253555
dc.description.abstractThe large-scale coherent motions in a realistic swirl fuel injector geometry are analysed by direct numerical simulations (DNS), proper orthogonal decomposition (POD), and linear global modes. The aim is to identify the origin of instability in this turbulent flow in a complex internal geometry. The flow field in the nonlinear simulation is highly turbulent, but with a distinguishable coherent structure: the precessing vortex core (a spiraling mode). The most energetic POD mode pair is identified as the precessing vortex core. By analysing the FFT of the time coefficients of the POD modes, we conclude that the first four POD modes contain the coherent fluctuations. The remaining POD modes (incoherent fluctuations) are used to form a turbulent viscosity field, using the Newtonian eddy model. The turbulence sets in from convective shear layer instabilities even before the nonlinear flow reaches the other end of the domain, indicating that equilibrium solutions of the Navier-Stokes are never observed. Linear global modes are computed around the mean flow from DNS, applying the turbulent viscosity extracted from POD modes. A slightly stable discrete m = 1 eigenmode is found, well separated from the continuous spectrum, in very good agreement with the POD mode shape and frequency. The structural sensitivity of the precessing vortex core is located upstream of the central recirculation zone, identifying it as a spiral vortex breakdown instability in the nozzle. Furthermore, the structural sensitivity indicates that the dominant instability mechanism is the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability at the inflection point forming near vortex breakdown. Adjoint modes are strong in the shear layer along the whole extent of the nozzle, showing that the optimal initial condition for the global mode is localized in the shear layer. We analyse the qualitative influence of turbulent dissipation in the stability problem (eddy viscosity) on the eigenmodes by comparing them to eigenmodes computed without eddy viscosity. The results show that the eddy viscosity improves the complex frequency and shape of global modes around the fuel injector mean flow, while a qualitative wave-maker position can be obtained with or without turbulent dissipation, in agreement with previous studies. This study shows flow sensitivity analysis can identify which parts of the flow in a complex geometry need to be altered in order to change its hydrodynamic stability characteristics.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the European Research Council through Project ALORS 2590620. This work was performed on the computational facilities provided by the Hector UK National Supercomputing Resource, and the Darwin cluster of the University of Cambridge High Performance Computing Service (http://www.hpc.cam.ac.uk/)
dc.languageEnglishen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherCambridge University Press
dc.titleCoherent structures in a swirl injector at Re = 4800 by nonlinear simulations and linear global modesen
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionThis is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Cambridge University Press.via http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2016.86en
prism.endingPage657
prism.publicationDate2016en
prism.publicationNameJournal of Fluid Mechanicsen
prism.startingPage620
prism.volume792en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1017/jfm.2016.86en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2016-03-03en
dc.contributor.orcidJuniper, Matthew [0000-0002-8742-9541]
dc.identifier.eissn1469-7645
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2016-09-03


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