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dc.contributor.authorHoughton, BFen
dc.contributor.authorTaddeucci, Jen
dc.contributor.authorAndronico, Den
dc.contributor.authorGonnermann, HMen
dc.contributor.authorPistolesi, Men
dc.contributor.authorPatrick, MRen
dc.contributor.authorOrr, TRen
dc.contributor.authorSwanson, DAen
dc.contributor.authorEdmonds, Marieen
dc.contributor.authorGaudin, Den
dc.contributor.authorCarey, RJen
dc.contributor.authorScarlato, Pen
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-04T11:20:20Z
dc.date.available2016-02-04T11:20:20Z
dc.date.issued2016-01-07en
dc.identifier.citationHoughton et al. Geology (2016) Vol. 44, Issue 2, pp. 163-166. DOI: 10.1130/G37423.1en
dc.identifier.issn0091-7613
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/253637
dc.description.abstractThe weakest explosive volcanic eruptions globally, Strombolian explosions and Hawaiian fountaining, are also the most common. Yet, despite over a hundred years of observations, no classifications have offered a convincing, quantitative way of demarcating these two styles. New observations show that the two styles are distinct in their eruptive time scale, with the duration of Hawaiian fountaining exceeding Strombolian explosions by ∼300–10,000 s. This reflects the underlying process of whether shallow-exsolved gas remains trapped in the erupting magma or is decoupled from it. We propose here a classification scheme based on the duration of events (brief explosions versus prolonged fountains) with a cutoff at 300 s that separates transient Strombolian explosions from sustained Hawaiian fountains.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors wish to acknowledge grants from NSF (EAR-0409303, 0810332, 1145159, 1427357) and ARRA (113153 via the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory), which funded this research.
dc.languageEnglishen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherGeological Society of America
dc.titleStronger or longer: Discriminating between Hawaiian and Strombolian eruption stylesen
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionThis is the accepted manuscript. The final version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G37423.1en
prism.endingPage166
prism.publicationDate2016en
prism.publicationNameGeologyen
prism.startingPage163
prism.volume44en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1130/G37423.1en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2016-01-07en
dc.contributor.orcidEdmonds, Marie [0000-0003-1243-137X]
dc.identifier.eissn1943-2682
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
pubs.funder-project-idNERC (NE/G001537/1)
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2017-01-07


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