About this collection

The ethnonym Khoshud is believed to have derived from the word khoshun 'tip of a weapon, beak, front part' and is related to the function of the vanguard units in the army of Chingis Khan. Today the Khoshud is the least populous among the four sub-ethnic groups in Kalmykia. They live in compact groups in the villages of Sarpa, Shorv, Altn Bulg, Shorvin Kets, Khosheudy, Altsyn-Khuta, and Kivz. A small number also lives in the village of Zunda-Tolga. The Khoshud consists of the following clans and lineages: Argud, Badgud, Dashakhin, Zaisang, Ketkermud, Kavshakhin, Karvdzhakhin, Luzung, Mongol, Merchikhin, Melshakhin, Maaga, Sagsag, Savgarmud, Khasgud, Khoshut, Kharakhin, Chonakhin, Sharad, Sharkakhin, Evyakin and Dermyakin.

Recent Submissions

  • Viktor Pompaev, about the khoshuds among the dzhedzhikhn 

    Terbish, Baasanjav (Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge, 2017-09-01)
  • Yuriy Nurdaev, About the Khoshuds 

    Terbish, Baasanjav (Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge, 2016-05-01)
    Yuriy says that his ancestors lived in an aimag that belonged to Iki-Khoshud people. Iki-Khoshud means ‘Big Khoshud’ and the adjective ‘big’ was given to clans that were headed by the oldest sons of princes. Khoshuds, who ...
  • Sanal Bovaev, about the Koshuds 

    Terbish, Baasanjav (Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge, 2019-05-04)
    Sanal talks about Khoshuds in Kalmykia: I was born in Ketchenery. I am Khoshud from the Airgud clan. My mother is Zyungar from the Badmakhin clan. In Kalmykia, there are few Khoshuds, from three to five thousand in total. ...
  • Mergen Ulanov, Buddhism and the Ethnonym Kalmyk 

    Terbish, Baasanjav (Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge, 2018-06-02)
    Although Kalmyks came to Russia as Buddhists – in Mergen’s opinion – their Buddhist tradition was weak and relatively new. It is no accident that the lama Zaya Pandita visited the Kalmyk land twice. The word ‘kalmyk’ or ...

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