About this collection

The Torghut came to the Volga region at the beginning of the 17th century under the leadership of Kho-Urlyuk and his sons. Afterwards, in 1771 Ubashi Khan, a descendant of Kho-Urlyuk, took the majority of the Kalmyks back to Jungaria with him. Those Torghuts who remained in Russia settled close to water, which enabled them to engage in fishery as well as their traditional cattle breeding. The main clans to form the Torghut sub-ethnic group are Keryat, Erketen, Tsaatan, and Bagut. These clans consist of many lineages.

Recent Submissions

  • Mingiyan Lidzhiev, about the Torghuts and Khoshuds 

    Terbish, Baasanjav (Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge, 2019-05-05)
    Mingiyan recounts the history, composition and movement of various Torghut and Khoshud clans: Many years ago the Torghuts were divided into several ulus, including Iki-Tsokhurovsky, Baga-Tsokhurovsky, Erketenevsky and Yanga ...
  • Viktor Mandzhiev, Tsaatan Dialect 

    Terbish, Baasanjav (Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge, 2018-03-23)
    Viktor talks about some phonetic peculiarities of the Tsaatan dialect. He says: Today the language of the Tsaatans became similar to common Kalmyk, although in the past they had their distinct dialect. Instead of ‘ts’ they ...
  • Nikolai Ubushaev, The Shikryakhn Clan 

    Terbish, Baasanjav (Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge, 2016-12-19)
    In this interview Nikolai talks about his parents, paternal ancestors, siblings and his life in Siberian exile. Nikolai: I work on my family’s genealogical tree. Our ancestors were: Shikr, his son Takh, his son Chidng, his ...
  • Nikolai Ubushaev, About the Tsaatan 

    Terbish, Baasanjav (Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge, 2016-12-18)
    Nikolai talks about the Tsaatan clan, its composition, etymology, and clan stories: Besides Bag Tsaatan, there are Akh Tsaatan, Kereit Tsaatan, Erketen Tsaatan and many other Tsaatans. The Tsaatan also includes Khornyakhn. ...

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