About this collection
This video collection hosts interviews with people reminiscing about how the fishing was carried out in their childhood or youth.
A supplementary branch of the traditional economy, fishing in the past was usually undertaken by impoverished Kalmyks who were in need of an additional source of income or food. By the 18th century work migration to the lower Volga began to take on a mass character. At the fisheries Kalmyks did two types of work. Those who were employed as fishermen went to the sea in groups of three or four on small boats called ongts. They used nets of various designs, including drift net (golm) fyke net (tyavdg golm), seine (shuugul) as well as fishing rods (gakhul'). Other Kalmyks were employed on land to cut, wash, clean, salt, and dry fish. At the turn of the 19th century fisheries had become the major source of employment for many Kalmyks living along the banks of the Volga and the Caspian Sea. In the Soviet period, the Kalmyk fisheries were state-supported enterprises.
(Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge, 2018-03-01)Ubush talks about how people went fishing in his childhood. He reminisces about people using fishing rods made from reed. Locusts were used as a bate.