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  • Sangadzhi Kononov, About Shamanism 

    Churyumov, Anton; Kovaeva, Bair (2016-12-23)
    Sangadzhi says that folk healers (medlegchi) should be differentiated from shamans. In Kalmykia, what doesn’t belong to Buddhism is lumped together under the title of shamanism. According to Sangadzhi, shamans are those ...
  • Sangadzhi Kononov, About Amnya Dolig (Substitute Rituals) 

    Churyumov, Anton; Kovaeva, Bair (2016-12-23)
    The Kalmyk word for life or soul is amn’. Amnya dolig refers to two different rituals. Ritual One. It is performed when one wants to grant life to a living being which is doomed to death. These include fish, birds (chicken ...
  • Sanan Matvenov, About the Tsagan Aav 

    Churyumov, Anton (2016-07-19)
    Sanan says that enlightened beings exist that do not have bad thoughts in their minds or in their souls. There also exist gazryn ezn (spiritual masters of locality) who are not enlightened beings and as such are not regarded ...
  • Oleg Mandzhiev, About the Tsagan Aav 

    Churyumov, Anton (2016-10-10)
    Oleg relays a story about how he saw Tsagan Aav in his youth. It happened in the Soviet period. Oleg worked at an editorial office in Elista. One night he could not sleep well and woke up early in the morning. He went out ...

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