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dc.contributor.authorMarphatia, Akankshaen
dc.contributor.authorDevakumar, Delanen
dc.contributor.authorWells, Jonathan CKen
dc.contributor.authorSaville, Naomien
dc.contributor.authorReid, Aliceen
dc.contributor.authorCostello, Anthonyen
dc.contributor.authorManandhar, Dharma Sen
dc.contributor.authorOsrin, Daviden
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-08T11:36:45Z
dc.date.available2016-03-08T11:36:45Z
dc.date.issued2016-05-18en
dc.identifier.citationMarphatia et al. American Journal of Human Biology (2016)en
dc.identifier.issn1042-0533
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/254228
dc.description.abstractBackground: Factors acting before children are born or reach school-going age may explain why some do not complete primary education. Many relevant factors relate to maternal phenotype, but few studies have tested for independent associations of maternal factors relative to those characterising the family in general. Methods: Using data from a longitudinal study of 838 children in Dhanusha, Nepal, we used logistic regression models to test whether indices of maternal somatic and educational capital, or family economic capital, were independently associated with children having had ≤2 versus 3+ years of schooling at a mean age of 8.5 years. We also tested whether maternal age, children’s early growth and urban/rural location mediated such associations. Results: Children had a higher risk of completing less schooling if their mothers were short, thin, anaemic, and uneducated. Independently, lower family material assets and land acreage also increased children’s odds of less schooling. There was an indication of gender differences, with the risk of poor educational attainment in girls associated with low maternal somatic and educational capital, whereas in boys, the relevant factors were low maternal education and family land ownership. Conclusions: Our analysis demonstrates that, independent of broader indices of family capital such as land or material assets, children’s educational attainment is associated with factors embodied in maternal phenotype. Both maternal somatic and educational capital appeared important. A composite index of maternal capital could provide a new measurable proxy, prior to school entry, for identifying children at risk of completing fewer years of schooling.
dc.description.sponsorshipThere was no funding provided for this analysis. The original trial and 8.5 year follow-up were funded by the Wellcome Trust, who also provided support for D Osrin (091561/Z/10/Z) and D Devakumar (092121/Z/10/Z).
dc.languageEnglishen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWiley
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectlife-courseen
dc.subjectearly growthen
dc.subjecteducationen
dc.subjectmalnutritionen
dc.subjectgenderen
dc.subjectNepalen
dc.titleMaternal phenotype, independent of family economic capital predicts educational attainment in lowland Nepalese childrenen
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.versionThis is the final version of the article. It first appeared from Wiley via https://doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.22852en
prism.endingPage698
prism.publicationDate2016en
prism.publicationNameAmerican Journal of Human Biologyen
prism.startingPage687
prism.volume28en
dc.rioxxterms.funderWellcome Trust
dc.rioxxterms.projectid091561/Z/10/Z
dc.rioxxterms.projectid092121/Z/10/Z
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-02-25en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1002/ajhb.22852en
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2016-05-18en
dc.contributor.orcidMarphatia, Akanksha [0000-0002-4277-435X]
dc.contributor.orcidReid, Alice [0000-0003-4713-2951]
dc.identifier.eissn1520-6300
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2018-05-18


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International