Evolutionary Perspectives on Prospective Cognition
Thom, James M.
Clayton, Nicola S.
Seeing the future: Theoretical perspectives on future-oriented mental time travel
Oxford University Press
VI Chapter 14
Book or Book Chapter
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Thom, J. M., & Clayton, N. S. (2016). Evolutionary Perspectives on Prospective Cognition. Oxford University Press, Seeing the future: Theoretical perspectives on future-oriented mental time travel. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241537.003.0014
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Oxford University Press via https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241537.003.0014
Niko Tinbergen (1963) described four complementary questions to be asked of any animal’s behaviour in order to understand it. Two of the questions seek proximate explanations for behaviour: What are the material causes of behaviour? And how does the behaviour develop within the lifetime of an individual? These are questions of mechanism and ontogeny, and they are the primary focus of many psychologists and neuroscientists. While other chapters in this volume will explore at length the proximate causes of prospective cognition , we will direct our attention to the other two questions, which concern the ultimate, evolutionary causes of prospection: function and phylogeny.
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/254635