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dc.contributor.authorWu, Yen
dc.contributor.authorSchwartz, Aen
dc.contributor.authorStillwell, Daviden
dc.contributor.authorKosinski, Men
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-23T15:05:11Z
dc.date.available2017-02-23T15:05:11Z
dc.date.issued2017-01en
dc.identifier.issn0956-7976
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/262753
dc.description.abstractFriends and spouses tend to be similar in a broad range of characteristics, such as age, educational level, race, religion, attitudes, and general intelligence. Surprisingly, little evidence has been found for similarity in personality-one of the most fundamental psychological constructs. We argue that the lack of evidence for personality similarity stems from the tendency of individuals to make personality judgments relative to a salient comparison group, rather than in absolute terms (i.e., the reference-group effect), when responding to the self-report and peer-report questionnaires commonly used in personality research. We employed two behavior-based personality measures to circumvent the reference-group effect. The results based on large samples provide evidence for personality similarity between romantic partners ( n = 1,101; rs = .20-.47) and between friends ( n = 46,483; rs = .12-.31). We discuss the practical and methodological implications of the findings.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherSAGE Publications
dc.subjectsimilarityen
dc.subjectpersonality assessmenten
dc.subjectreference-group effecten
dc.subjectsocial networken
dc.subjectclose relationshipsen
dc.titleBirds of a feather do flock together: behavior-based personality-assessment method reveals personality similarity among couples and friendsen
dc.typeArticle
prism.publicationDate2017en
prism.publicationNamePsychological Scienceen
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.8042
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-12-01en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1177/0956797616678187en
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-01en
dc.contributor.orcidStillwell, David [0000-0003-0174-3212]
dc.identifier.eissn1467-9280
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
cam.issuedOnline2017-01-01en


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