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dc.contributor.authorCook, Ren
dc.contributor.authorJones, Andyen
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-18T12:39:07Z
dc.date.available2017-04-18T12:39:07Z
dc.date.issued2017-07-11en
dc.identifier.issn2055-7647
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/263676
dc.description.abstractObjective: To undertake a systematic review of the effectiveness of recruitment mechanisms for engaging and retaining target participants in sports interventions to promote physical activity behaviour change in adults. Design: A narrative systematic review of published studies providing details of the effectiveness of recruitment techniques used in interventions aimed at increasing physical activity via sport in adults. Data sources: Searches were conducted using five electronic databases, clinical trial registers, grey literature and snowballing from reference lists. All papers published in the English language were considered. The search was completed in November 2015. Eligibility criteria: All articles providing information on the recruitment of adults into interventions involving sport and reporting physical activity or participation outcomes were included. Results: Twenty-three studies met the inclusion criteria. The quality of recruitment reporting across included studies was generally classified as poor, lacking detailed descriptions of recruitment processes and providing insufficient reporting of recruitment outcomes. There was a distinct recruitment bias for more affluent, white, middle-aged women. Active-only recruitment techniques appeared to achieve a participant sample with more representative demographic characteristics than passive approaches. Conclusions: Due to inadequate reporting and evaluation, the mechanisms for achieving effective recruitment and engagement in sport, particularly in hard-to-reach groups, are still unclear. Independent of recruitment mode, creating an intervention and context that reflect the interests and motivations of the target audience presents a promising area. There is an urgent need for more robust evaluation design and reporting of sports interventions.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe work was undertaken under the auspices of the Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), a UKCRC Public Health Research Centre of Excellence (RES-590-28-0002) which is funded by the British Heart Foundation, Cancer Research UK, Economic and Social Research Council, Medical Research Council, the National Institute for Health Research, and the Wellcome Trust.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherBMJ
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.titleRecruiting adult participants to physical activity intervention studies using sport: A systematic reviewen
dc.typeArticle
prism.numbere000231en
prism.publicationDate2017en
prism.publicationNameBMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicineen
prism.volume3en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.9038
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-04-09en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1136/bmjsem-2017-000231en
rioxxterms.versionVoRen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-07-11en
dc.identifier.eissn2055-7647
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
pubs.funder-project-idMRC (MR/K023187/1)
pubs.funder-project-idWellcome Trust (087636/Z/08/Z)
pubs.funder-project-idESRC (ES/G007462/1)
cam.issuedOnline2017-07-11en


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International