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dc.contributor.authorStegenga, Jacoben
dc.contributor.authorMenon, Ten
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-22T10:20:50Z
dc.date.available2017-05-22T10:20:50Z
dc.date.issued2017-07en
dc.identifier.issn0031-8248
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/264332
dc.description.abstractRobustness arguments hold that hypotheses are more likely to be true when they are confirmed by diverse kinds of evidence. Robustness arguments require the confirming evidence to be independent. We identify two kinds of independence appealed to in robustness arguments: ontic independence (OI)—when the multiple lines of evidence depend on different materials, assumptions, or theories—and probabilistic independence. Many assume that OI is sufficient for a robustness argument to be warranted. However, we argue that, as typically construed, OI is not a sufficient independence condition for warranting robustness arguments. We show that OI evidence can collectively confirm a hypothesis to a $\textit{lower}$ degree than individual lines of evidence, contrary to the standard assumption undergirding usual robustness arguments. We employ Bayesian networks to represent the ideal empirical scenario for a robustness argument and a variety of ways in which empirical scenarios can fall short of this ideal.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherUniversity of Chicago Press
dc.titleRobustness and Independent Evidenceen
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage435
prism.issueIdentifier3en
prism.publicationDate2017en
prism.publicationNamePhilosophy of Scienceen
prism.startingPage414
prism.volume84en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.9799
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-03-01en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1086/692141en
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-07en
dc.contributor.orcidStegenga, Jacob [0000-0002-7016-3708]
dc.identifier.eissn1539-767X
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
cam.issuedOnline2017-03-21en
cam.orpheus.successThu Jan 30 12:53:54 GMT 2020 - The item has an open VoR version.*
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2100-01-01


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