The Gaia–ESO Survey: dynamical models of flattened, rotating globular clusters
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Oxford University Press
MetadataShow full item record
Jeffreson, S., Sanders, J. L., Evans, N. W., Williams, A., Gilmore, G. F., Bayo, A., Bragaglia, A., et al. (2017). The Gaia–ESO Survey: dynamical models of flattened, rotating globular clusters. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 469 (4), 4740-4762. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx1152
We present a family of self-consistent axisymmetric rotating globular cluster models which are fitted to spectroscopic data for NGC 362, NGC 1851, NGC 2808, NGC 4372, NGC 5927 and NGC 6752 to provide constraints on their physical and kinematic properties, including their rotation signals. They are constructed by flattening Modified Plummer profiles, which have the same asymptotic behaviour as classical Plummer models, but can provide better fits to young clusters due to a slower turnover in the density profile. The models are in dynamical equilibrium as they depend solely on the action variables. We employ a fully Bayesian scheme to investigate the uncertainty in our model parameters (including mass-to-light ratios and inclination angles) and evaluate the Bayesian evidence ratio for rotating to non-rotating models. We find convincing levels of rotation only in NGC 2808. In the other clusters, there is just a hint of rotation (in particular, NGC 4372 and NGC 5927), as the data quality does not allow us to draw strong conclusions. Where rotation is present, we find that it is confined to the central regions, within radii of R ≤ 2rh. As part of this work, we have developed a novel q-Gaussian basis expansion of the line-of-sight velocity distributions, from which general models can be constructed via interpolation on the basis coefficients.
methods: numerical, stars: kinematics and dynamics, globular clusters: general, galaxies: star clusters: general
This work was partly supported by the European Union FP7 programme through ERC grant number 320360 and by the Leverhulme Trust through grant RPG-2012-541. We acknowledge the support from INAF and Ministero dell’ Istruzione, dell’ Università’ e della Ricerca (MIUR) in the form of the grant ‘Premiale VLT 2012’.
Embargo Lift Date
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx1152
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/267210