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dc.contributor.authorShah, Darshilen
dc.contributor.authorReynolds, Thomasen
dc.contributor.authorRamage, Michaelen
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-14T11:21:45Z
dc.date.available2017-09-14T11:21:45Z
dc.date.issued2017-07-20en
dc.identifier.issn0022-0957
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/267216
dc.description.abstractFrom the stems of agricultural crops to the structural trunks of trees, studying the mechanical behaviour of plant stems is critical for both commerce and science. Plant scientists are also increasingly relying on mechanical test data for plant phenotyping. Yet there are neither standardized methods nor systematic reviews of current methods for the testing of herbaceous stems. We discuss the architecture of plant stems and highlight important micro- and macrostructural parameters that need to be controlled and accounted for when designing test methodologies, or that need to be understood in order to explain observed mechanical behaviour. Then, we critically evaluate various methods to test structural properties of stems, including flexural bending (two-, three-, and four-point bending) and axial loading (tensile, compressive, and buckling) tests. Recommendations are made on best practices. This review is relevant to fundamental studies exploring plant biomechanics, mechanical phenotyping of plants, and the determinants of mechanical properties in cell walls, as well as to application-focused studies, such as in agro-breeding and forest management projects, aiming to understand deformation processes of stem structures. The methods explored here can also be extended to other elongated, rod-shaped organs (e.g. petioles, midribs, and even roots).
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work is part of a project funded by the Leverhulme Trust (Project title: ‘Natural material innovation’). The project forms a collaboration with the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Department of Biochemistry, Department of Chemistry, and Department of Plant Sciences at the University of Cambridge.
dc.publisherOxford University Press
dc.subjectbendingen
dc.subjectbiomechanicsen
dc.subjectcell wallen
dc.subjectmetrologyen
dc.subjectphenotypingen
dc.subjectstemen
dc.subjectstiffnessen
dc.subjectstrengthen
dc.subjectstructure-property relationsen
dc.subjecttensile propertiesen
dc.titleThe strength of plants: theory and experimental methods to measure the mechanical properties of stemsen
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage4516
prism.issueIdentifier16en
prism.publicationDate2017en
prism.publicationNameJournal of Experimental Botanyen
prism.startingPage4497
prism.volume68en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.10899
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-06-25en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1093/jxb/erx245en
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-07-20en
dc.contributor.orcidShah, Darshil [0000-0002-8078-6802]
dc.contributor.orcidReynolds, Thomas [0000-0002-6754-9183]
dc.contributor.orcidRamage, Michael [0000-0003-2967-7683]
dc.identifier.eissn1460-2431
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
pubs.funder-project-idLeverhulme Trust (RP2013-SL-008)
pubs.funder-project-idEPSRC (EP/M01679X/1)
cam.issuedOnline2017-09-07en
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2018-09-07


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