Kv4.2 channel activity controls intrinsic firing dynamics of arcuate kisspeptin neurons.
The Journal of physiology
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Mendonça, P. R., Kyle, V., Yeo, S., Colledge, B., & Robinson, H. (2018). Kv4.2 channel activity controls intrinsic firing dynamics of arcuate kisspeptin neurons.. The Journal of physiology, 596 (5), 885-899. https://doi.org/10.1113/jp274474
Kisspeptin neurons in the hypothalamus are critically involved in reproductive function, via their effect on GnRH neuron activity and consequent gonadotropin release. Kisspeptin neurons show an intrinsic irregularity of firing, but the mechanism of this remains unclear. To address this, we carried out targeted whole-cell patch-clamp recordings of kisspeptin neurons in the arcuate nucleus (Kiss1Arc), in brain slices isolated from adult male Kiss-Cre:tdTomato mice. Cells fired irregularly in response to constant current stimuli, with a wide range of spike time variability, and prominent subthreshold voltage fluctuations. In voltage-clamp, both a persistent sodium (NaP) current and a fast transient (A-type) potassium current were apparent, activating at potentials just below the threshold for spiking. These currents have also previously been described in irregular-spiking cortical interneurons, in which the A-type current, mediated by Kv4 channels, interacts with NaP current to generate complex dynamics of the membrane potential, and irregular firing. In Kiss1Arc neurons, A-type current was blocked by phrixotoxin, a specific blocker of Kv4.2/4.3 channels, and consistent expression of Kv4.2 transcripts was detected by single-cell RT-PCR. In addition, firing irregularity was correlated to the density of A-type current in the membrane. Using conductance injection, we demonstrated that adding Kv4-like potassium conductance (gKv4) to a cell produces a striking increase in firing irregularity, and excitability is reduced, while subtracting gKv4 has the opposite effects. Thus, we propose that Kv4 interacting dynamically with NaP, is a key determinant of the irregular firing behaviour of Kiss1Arc neurons, shaping their physiological function in gonadotropin release.
Neurons, Cells, Cultured, Animals, Mice, Transgenic, Mice, Action Potentials, Female, Male, Shal Potassium Channels, Kisspeptins, Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus
Isaac Newton Trust (1540(h))
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1113/jp274474
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/271878
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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